afraid ●●●●●
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afraid /əˈfreɪd/ adjective [not before noun]


هراسان ، ترسان ، ترسنده ، ترسیده ، از روی بیمیلی (غالبا با of میاید) ، متاسف
afraid
[adjective]
Synonyms:
- scared, apprehensive, cowardly, faint-hearted, fearful, frightened, nervous
- sorry, regretful, unhappy
Antonyms: unafraid, sanguine
Contrasted words: confident, dauntless, fearless, assured, collected, poised, self-possessed
Related Idioms: frightened out of one's wits, in a (blue) funk, scared to death, terror stricken, all of a twitter (or flutter)
Related Words: shrinking, shy, timid, timorous, cautious, chary, wary, jumpy, skittish
English Thesaurus: frightened, scared, afraid, alarmed, fearful, ...

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

afraid S1 W2 /əˈfreɪd/ adjective [not before noun]
[Date: 1300-1400; Origin: Past participle of affray 'to frighten' (14-19 centuries), from Old French affreer; affray]

1. frightened because you think that you may get hurt or that something bad may happen Synonym : scared:
There’s no need to be afraid.
afraid of (doing) something
kids who are afraid of the dark
He was afraid of being caught by the police.
afraid to do something
Zoe was half afraid (=a little afraid) to go back in the house.

REGISTER
In everyday English, people often say scared rather than afraid:
I’m scared of heights.

2. worried about what might happen, or that something bad will happen
afraid (that)
He was afraid that the other kids would laugh at him.
afraid of (doing) something
I didn’t tell her because I was afraid of upsetting her.
The government was afraid of a public outcry.
afraid to do something
Don’t be afraid to ask for help.

3. afraid for somebody/something worried that something bad may happen to a particular person or thing:
Her father looked ill and she was suddenly afraid for him.
Many of us were afraid for our jobs.

4. I’m afraid spoken used to politely tell someone something that may annoy, upset, or disappoint them:
That’s the most we can offer you, I’m afraid.
I’m afraid (that)
I’m afraid you’ve come to the wrong address.
‘Is she very ill?’ ‘I’m afraid so (=yes).’
‘Did you see him?’ ‘I’m afraid not (=no).’


GRAMMAR
Afraid to do something means 'unwilling to do something, because you are frightened or worried':
They are afraid to express their political views.
Afraid of doing something can also mean this:
When I was a child, I was afraid of going to sleep.
However, it more often means 'frightened or worried that something might happen as a result of your action':
They were afraid of damaging their careers.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

afraid
adj.
VERBS be, feel, look, seem | become, grow | make sb What has made you so deeply afraid of your boss?
ADV. deeply, desperately, extremely, horribly, mortally, really, terribly, very | almost She was tense, almost afraid to open the letter.
a bit, half, a little, rather, slightly He was half afraid to look at her.
just, simply You do know, don't you? You are just afraid to tell me.
genuinely | suddenly He stopped abruptly, suddenly afraid to say the words out loud.
physically
PREP. for Roger was very afraid for her.
of Charlie is afraid of marriage.
PHRASES nothing to be afraid of Don't worry. There's nothing to be afraid of.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

afraid
adjective
BAD: The road to the airport was very busy and we were afraid to miss the plane.
GOOD: The road to the airport was very busy and we were afraid of missing the plane.

Usage Note:
be afraid to do sth = be unwilling to do something because you are frightened about what may happen: 'She was afraid to eat it in case it was poisonous.' 'Don't be afraid to ask for help.'
be afraid of doing sth = be worried or anxious about something which might happen: 'Most criminals are afraid of being caught.' 'He says that he is afraid of losing his job.'

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Common Errors


TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 14.0
All rights reserved, Copyright © ALi R. Motamed 2001-2020.

TahlilGaran : دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی afraid) | علیرضا معتمد , دیکشنری تحلیلگران , وب اپلیکیشن , تحلیلگران , دیکشنری , آنلاین , آیفون , IOS , آموزش مجازی 4.83 : 2214
4.83دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی afraid)
دیکشنری تحلیلگران (وب اپلیکیشن، ویژه کاربران آیفون، IOS) | دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی afraid) | موسس و مدیر مسئول :