but ●●●●●
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COMMON ERRORS

ACRONYM

but /bət; strong bʌt/ conjunction
but /bʌt/ noun


ولی ، اما ، لیکن ، جز ، مگر ، باستثنای ، فقط ، نه تنها ، بطور محض ، بی ، بدون
but
[conjunction]
Synonyms:
- however, further, moreover, nevertheless, on the contrary, on the other hand, still, yet
[preposition]
Synonyms:
- except, bar, barring, excepting, excluding, notwithstanding, save, with the exception of
[adverb]
Synonyms:
- only, just, merely, simply, singly, solely
English Thesaurus: but, although, however, nevertheless/nonetheless, whereas, ...

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

I. but1 S1 W1 /bət; strong bʌt/ conjunction
[Language: Old English; Origin: butan 'outside, without, except']

1. used to connect two statements or phrases when the second one adds something different or seems surprising after the first one:
It’s an old car, but it’s very reliable.
They rushed to the hospital, but they were too late.
We’ve invited the boss, but she may decide not to come.
an expensive but extremely useful book
‘Has he got any experience?’ ‘No, but he’s keen to learn.’

2. used to introduce a statement that explains why the thing you have mentioned did not happen or is not possible:
I’d like to go but I’m too busy.
They would have married sooner, but they had to wait for her divorce.

3. used after a negative to emphasize that it is the second part of the sentence that is true:
He lied to the court not just once, but on several occasions.
The purpose of the scheme is not to help the employers but to provide work for young people.

4. except:
What can we do but sit and wait?
I had no choice but to accept the challenge.
Not a day goes by but I think of dear old Larry (=I think of him every day).

5. but for
a) used when you are saying that something would have happened if something or someone else had not prevented it:
But for these interruptions, the meeting would have finished earlier.
The score could have been higher but for some excellent goalkeeping by Simon.
I might never have got to university but for you.
b) except for something or someone:
All was silent but for the sound of the wind in the trees.

6. but then (again) spoken
a) used when you are adding a statement that says almost the opposite of what you have just said:
John might be ready to help us, but then again, he might not.
You feel really sorry for him. But then again, it’s hard to like him.
b) used when you are adding a statement that makes what you have just said seem less surprising:
Dinah missed the last rehearsal, but then she always was unreliable, wasn’t she?

7. spoken used when you are replying to someone and expressing strong feelings such as anger, surprise etc:
But that’s marvellous news!
‘They won’t even discuss the problem.’ ‘But how stupid!’

8. somebody cannot but do something formal used to say that someone has to do something or cannot stop themselves from doing it:
I could not but admire her.

9. spoken used when disagreeing with someone:
‘It was a good idea.’ ‘But it didn’t work.’

10. spoken used to emphasize a word or statement:
It’ll be a great party – everyone, but everyone, is coming.
They’re rich, but I mean rich.

11. spoken used to change the subject of a conversation:
But now to the main question.
But tell me, are you really planning to retire?

12. spoken used after expressions such as ‘Excuse me’ and ‘I’m sorry’:
Excuse me, but I’m afraid this is a no-smoking area.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

II. but2 S2 W3 preposition

1. apart from Synonym : except:
I could come any day but Thursday.
There’s no one here but me.
I could still see nothing but the spirals of desert dust.
He was unable to swallow anything but liquids.

2. the last but one/the next but two etc especially British English the last or next thing or person except for one, two etc:
Pauline and Derek live in the next house but one (=they live two houses away from us).

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

III. but3 S2 W3 adverb
only:
This is but one example of what can happen when things go badly wrong.
It’s going to be difficult. Anyway, we can but try.
We have relationships of many different sorts – with our children, our parents, our boss and our friends, to name but a few.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

IV. but4 /bʌt/ noun
buts [plural] spoken reasons that someone gives for not doing something or agreeing with something:
‘I don’t want to hear any buts,’ Jo snapped.
He is the best player – no ifs, ands, or buts about that.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

but
conjunction
BAD: Although I enjoyed my stay in the USA, but I was still glad to come home.
GOOD: Although I enjoyed my stay in the USA, I was still glad to come home.
GOOD: I enjoyed my stay in the USA, but I was still glad to come home.

Usage Note:
If the first clause begins with although or (even) though, do not begin the second clause with but or yet .
See also SO 2 (so)

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Common Errors

BUT
Better Understand Things

[TahlilGaran] Acronyms and Abbreviations Dictionary


TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 13.0
All rights reserved, Copyright © ALi R. Motamed 2001-2019.

TahlilGaran : دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی but) | علیرضا معتمد , دیکشنری تحلیلگران , وب اپلیکیشن , تحلیلگران , دیکشنری , آنلاین , آیفون , IOS , آموزش مجازی 4.40 : 2108
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