give ●●●●●
تلفظ آنلاین

Oxford 3000 vocabularySPEAKING vocabularyWRITING vocabularyCOMMON ERRORS

give /ɡɪv/ verb (past tense gave /ɡeɪv/, past participle given /ˈɡɪvən/)

Irregular Forms: (gave)(given)

فروریختن ، واگذار کردن ، دادن (به) ، بخشیدن ، دهش ، پرداخت کردن ، اتفاق افتادن ، فدا کردن ، ارائه دادن ، بمعرض نمایش گذاشتن ، رساندن ، تخصیص دادن ، نسبت دادن به ، بیان کردن ، شرح دادن ، افکندن ، گریه کردن ، علوم مهندسی: تاب نیاوردن ، قانون ـ فقه: بخشیدن ، ورزش: تقاضای رای
- present, award, contribute, deliver, donate, grant, hand over or out, provide, supply
- announce, communicate, issue, notify, pronounce, transmit, utter
- concede, grant, hand over, relinquish, surrender, yield
- produce, cause, engender, make, occasion
Contrasted words: keep, retain, withhold, lease, sell, decline, refuse, hold back, have, hold, keep back, reserve
Related Idioms: cave in, give way
Related Words: accord, award, confer, grant, hand, afford, contribute, furnish, provide, aid, assist, benefact, help, bestow, hand over, present, allocate, appropriate, assign, administer, commit, offer, deal, disburse, disperse, distribute, divide, dole (out), lot (out), lend, render, dispense, issue, be, equal, make, supply, fetch, fail, relax, relent, slacken, weaken
English Thesaurus: do, do your work/homework etc, do the shopping/cooking/washing etc, do a test/experiment/some research, do a course, ...

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

I. give1 S1 W1 /ɡɪv/ verb (past tense gave /ɡeɪv/, past participle given /ˈɡɪvən/)
[Language: Old English; Origin: giefan]

1. PRESENT OR MONEY [intransitive and transitive] to let someone have something as a present, or to provide something for someone
give somebody something
What did Bob give you for your birthday?
Researchers were given a £10,000 grant to continue their work.
I’ve got some old diaries that my grandmother gave me years ago.
give something to somebody
a ring which was given to him by his mother
I didn’t steal it! Maria gave it to me!
Most people are willing to give to charity.
The situation is now desperate, so please give generously.
Do not say ‘give to someone something’: He gave me a card (NOT He gave to me a card). | They gave a prize to the best chef (NOT They gave to the best chef a prize).

2. PUT SOMETHING IN SB’S HAND [transitive] to put something in someone’s hand
give somebody something
Give me the letter, please.
give something to somebody
He poured some wine into a glass and gave it to her.

3. LET SOMEBODY DO SOMETHING [transitive] to allow or make it possible for someone to do something
give somebody something
He finally gave us permission to leave.
These meetings give everyone a chance to express their opinions.
Students are given the freedom to choose their own topics.
Language gives us the ability to communicate at a much higher level than any other animal.
Women were given the vote in the early 1900s.
give somebody control/authority/responsibility etc
She was given absolute control over all recruitment decisions.
give something to somebody
This bill will give more power to local authorities.

4. TELL SOMEBODY SOMETHING [transitive] to tell someone information or details about something, or to tell someone what they should do:
She gave me some information on university courses.
My secretary will be able to give you more details.
Let me give you some advice.
give orders/instructions
She certainly likes giving orders.
They were given strict instructions not to tell anyone.
Can you give me directions to the station (=tell me how to go there)?
He gave the following example.
You may have to give evidence in court (=tell a court about what you have seen or know to be true).
give an account/description
He gave a disturbing account of the murder.

5. MAKE A MOVEMENT/DO AN ACTION [transitive] to do something by making a movement with your hand, face, body etc
give a smile/laugh/grin/frown/yawn etc
She gave a little frown.
Joel gave me a smile as I walked in.
He gave her a big hug.
give a wave/movement/signal
He gave a wave of his hand.
Don’t move until I give the signal.
give something a shake/rattle/tug etc
She picked up the envelope and gave it a shake.

6. SPEECH/TALK/PERFORMANCE [transitive] to make a speech, perform a piece of music etc for a group of people
give a talk/speech/lecture
He’s giving a talk on early Roman pottery.
give a performance/display
They gave one of their best performances to date.

7. MAKE SOMEBODY HAVE A FEELING [transitive] to make someone have a feeling
give somebody something
He gave us quite a shock.
The course has given me a lot more confidence.
His job did not give him much sense of fulfilment.
give something to somebody
Their music has given pleasure to a lot of people over the years.
give somebody a headache/hangover
Keep the noise down – you’re giving me a headache!

8. MAKE SOMEBODY HAVE PROBLEMS [transitive] to make someone have problems
give somebody problems/trouble/difficulties
The new software has given us quite a few problems.

9. MAKE SOMEBODY ILL [transitive] to infect someone with the same illness that you have
give somebody something
Don’t come too close – I don’t want you to give me your cold!
give something to somebody
It’s very unlikely a doctor could give HIV to a patient.

10. ORGANIZE A SOCIAL EVENT [transitive] to organize a social event such as a party Synonym : hold, put on:
We’re giving a small party for dad’s birthday next week.

11. MAKE SOMEBODY DO SOMETHING [transitive] to tell someone to do a job or piece of work
give somebody work/homework etc
How much homework are you given in a week?
He’s always giving us chores to do around the house.

12. MAKE SOMEBODY/SOMETHING HAVE A QUALITY [transitive] to make someone or something have a particular quality Synonym : lend
give somebody/something sth
The ginger gives the dish a wonderful spicy flavour.
His grey hair gave him an air of distinction.
Its association with the movie industry has given the place a certain glamor.

13. PAY FOR [transitive] to pay a particular amount of money for something:
They say they’re not willing to give any more than they’ve already offered.
give somebody something for something
They gave us £700 for our old car.
How much will you give me for these two games?

14. BEHAVE TOWARDS [transitive] to behave towards someone in a way that shows you have a particular attitude or feeling towards them
give somebody loyalty/obedience/respect
The people were expected to give their leader absolute obedience and loyalty.

15. PUNISHMENT [transitive] to officially say that someone must have a particular punishment
give somebody a fine/a sentence
If you don’t pay on time, you could be given a fine of up to $1,000.
give somebody six months/three years etc (=in prison)
The judge gave her two years in prison.

16. give (somebody) an impression/a sense/an idea to make someone think about something in a particular way:
I didn’t want to give him the wrong idea about the job.
The report gives us a very accurate picture of life in the inner cities.

17. give something thought/attention/consideration etc (also give thought/attention/consideration etc to something) to spend some time thinking about something carefully:
Congress has been giving the crime bill serious consideration.
I’ll give the matter some thought and let you know my decision next week.

18. give (somebody) a hand spoken to help someone do something:
Can you give me a hand?
give (somebody) a hand with
Shall I give you a hand with that bag?

19. give somebody a call/buzz (also give somebody a ring/bell British English) informal to telephone someone:
I’ll give you a call about seven, okay?

20. give something a try/shot/whirl (also give something a go British English) informal to try to do something, especially something you have not done before:
I’m not usually much good at this sort of game, but I’ll give it a go.

21. give somebody time/a few weeks/all day etc to allow time for someone to do something, or for something to happen:
I’ve asked him to give me a couple more days to finish my essay.
Flexible working hours could give working parents more time to spend with their children.

22. I give it six weeks/a month etc spoken used to say that you do not think something will continue successfully for very long:
I give the project six months at the most before it all falls apart.

23. not give something a second thought/another thought to not think or worry about something at all:
The matter didn’t seem important, and I hardly gave it a second thought.

24. BE LESS STRICT [intransitive] to be willing to change what you think or do according to what else happens:
I think that both sides need to give a little.

25. STATE A DECISION [transitive] British English to state what your official decision or judgement is, for example in a game:
The referee has given a penalty.
The jury will be giving its verdict within the next couple of days.

26. GIVE A MARK/SCORE [transitive] to decide that someone should have a particular score or mark for something that they have done:
She only gave me a B for my last essay.
The judges have given him top marks for this performance.

27. BEND/STRETCH [intransitive] if a material gives, it bends or stretches when you put pressure on it:
New shoes often feel tight, but the leather should give a little after a few days.

28. BREAK/MOVE [intransitive] if something gives, it breaks or moves away suddenly because of weight or pressure on it:
The branch suddenly gave beneath him.
I pushed against the door with all my might, but it still wouldn’t give.

29. give me something (any day/time) spoken used to say that you like something much more than something else:
Give me good old-fashioned rock ‘n’ roll any day!

30. would give anything/a lot/your right arm etc for something spoken used when you would like something very much:
I’d give my right arm for a figure like that.

31. not give a damn/shit etc spoken not polite used to say that you do not care at all about something:
I don’t give a damn what you think.

32. don’t give me that spoken used to say that you do not believe someone’s excuse or explanation:
Don’t give me that! I know exactly where you’ve been!

33. give somebody what for spoken to tell someone angrily that you are annoyed with them:
I’ll give that boy what for when I see him!

34. give as good as you get to fight or argue with someone using the same amount of skill or force that they are using:
I don’t worry about Emma because I know she can give as good as she gets.

35. give and take informal to help other people and do things for them as well as expecting them to do things for you:
You have to learn to give and take in any relationship.

36. give or take a few minutes/a penny/a mile etc spoken used to say that the amount or figure that you have just mentioned is nearly correct, but not exactly:
It’ll be a £1,000, give or take £50 or so.

37. I’ll give you that spoken used to admit that someone is right about something:
I was wrong to trust him, I’ll give you that.

38. give somebody to understand/think/believe something formal to make someone think that a particular thing is true:
I was given to understand that I would be offered a permanent job.

39. give it to somebody straight informal to tell someone something in a clear direct way:
There’s no point in beating about the bush, so I’ll give it to you straight.

40. I give you the chairman/prime minister/groom etc British English spoken used at the end of a formal speech to invite people to welcome a special guest

41. SEX [transitive] old-fashioned if a woman gives herself to a man, she has sex with him

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

II. give2 noun [uncountable]
the ability of a material or substance to bend or stretch when put under pressure:
The rope has quite a bit of give in it.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

BAD: She gave to him some cheese sandwiches.
GOOD: She gave him some cheese sandwiches.
BAD: They always give to the new students a warm welcome.
GOOD: They always give the new students a warm welcome.

Usage Note:
give sth to sb BUT give sb sth (WITHOUT to )
Compare: 'They gave a medal to each member of the team.' 'They gave each member of the team a medal.'

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Common Errors

See: silence gives consent

[TahlilGaran] English Idioms Dictionary

TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 14.0
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TahlilGaran : دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی give) | علیرضا معتمد , دیکشنری تحلیلگران , وب اپلیکیشن , تحلیلگران , دیکشنری , آنلاین , آیفون , IOS , آموزش مجازی 4.50 : 2206
4.50دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی give)
دیکشنری تحلیلگران (وب اپلیکیشن، ویژه کاربران آیفون، IOS) | دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی give) | موسس و مدیر مسئول :