initiative ●●●●●
تلفظ آنلاین

Oxford 3000 vocabularyACADEMIC vocabularySPEAKING vocabularyWRITING vocabularyCOLLOCATION

initiative /ɪˈnɪʃətɪv/ noun

ابتکار عملیات ، قدرت انجام عمل ابتکار عمل ، ذوق ، پیشقدمی ، ابتکار ، قریحه ، اغازی ، روانشناسی: ابتکار ، ورزش: ابتکار عمل ، علوم نظامی: شوق و حرارت
- first step, advantage, first move, lead
- resourcefulness, ambition, drive, dynamism, enterprise, get-up-and-go (informal), leadership
English Thesaurus: plan, plot/conspiracy, scheme, strategy, initiative, ...

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

initiative S3 W2 AC /ɪˈnɪʃətɪv/ noun

1. DECISIONS [uncountable] the ability to make decisions and take action without waiting for someone to tell you what to do:
I wish my son would show more initiative.
Don’t keep asking me for advice. Use your initiative.
Lt. Carlos was not obeying orders. He acted on his own initiative (=he was not told what to do).

2. PLAN [countable] an important new plan or process to achieve a particular aim or to solve a particular problem:
a government initiative to help exporters
an education initiative
initiative for
a new initiative for peace in the Middle East

3. CONTROL the initiative if you have or take the initiative, you are in a position to control a situation and decide what to do next:
Why don’t you take the initiative and ask him out?
Politicians need to seize the initiative from the terrorists.
The government must not lose the initiative in the fight against terrorism.

4. LAW [countable] law a process by which ordinary citizens can officially suggest a change in the law by signing a petition

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

I. new plan
ADJ. fresh, new fresh initiatives to find a peaceful end to the conflict
pioneering pioneering initiatives in bioengineering
current, latest, recent | important, major | welcome | successful | practical | exciting | private | co-operative, joint | international, local, national, regional | government | business, diplomatic, economic, education/educational, environmental, marketing, peace, policy, political, research, training
QUANT. range, series
VERB + INITIATIVE undertake The research initiative is being undertaken by a group of environmentalists.
plan | develop | announce | introduce, launch, set up, start The government has launched a new policy initiative.
be/become involved in Ten schools have been involved in the initiative.
lead | approve | reject The peace initiative was rejected out of hand.
sponsor a peace initiative sponsored by the Organization of African Unity
endorse, support The committee endorsed an initiative by the chairman to enter discussion about a possible merger.
welcome We welcome the government's initiative to help the homeless.
praise | encourage
INITIATIVE + VERB be aimed at sth, be designed to a local initiative aimed at economic regeneration an initiative designed to promote collaborative research
involve sth, relate to sth | founder The initiative foundered because there was no market interest in redevelopment.
PREP. ~ against a new initiative against car theft
~ by the latest initiative by the UN Secretary General
~ for an initiative for peace and human rights
~ on the government's major new initiative on crime
 ⇒ Special page at BUSINESS

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

II. ability to decide/act independently
ADJ. considerable, great, real | individual, personal, private It is a very hierarchical company and there's little place for individual initiative.
VERB + INITIATIVE have He had the initiative to ask what time the last train left.
display, show | act/work on your own, use He acted on his own initiative and wasn't following orders. Don't ask me what you should do all the time. Use your initiative!
lack | encourage, promote | stifle Raising taxes on small businesses will stifle initiative.
PREP. on sb's ~ The project was set up on the initiative of a local landowner.
~ in Some scientists show little initiative in applying their knowledge.
PHRASES a lack of initiative, on your own initiative In an unprecedented action, the army, on its own initiative, arrested seven civilians.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

III. the initiative: opportunity to gain an advantage
VERB + INITIATIVE have, hold After their latest setback, the rebel forces no longer hold the initiative.
gain, seize, take | regain In the second half, Manchester United regained the initiative.
INITIATIVE + VERB comes from sb/sth, lie with sb The initiative to re-open negotiations came from Moscow.
PREP. ~ in She took the initiative in asking the board to conduct an enquiry.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 14.0
All rights reserved, Copyright © ALi R. Motamed 2001-2020.

TahlilGaran : دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی initiative) | علیرضا معتمد , دیکشنری تحلیلگران , وب اپلیکیشن , تحلیلگران , دیکشنری , آنلاین , آیفون , IOS , آموزش مجازی 4.2 : 2207
4.2دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی initiative)
دیکشنری تحلیلگران (وب اپلیکیشن، ویژه کاربران آیفون، IOS) | دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی initiative) | موسس و مدیر مسئول :