near ●●●●●
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near /nɪə $ nɪr/ adverb, preposition


شبیه ، نزدیک به ضربه (کشتی) ، تقریبا ، قریب ، صمیمی ، نزدیک شدن ، علوم مهندسی: مانند ، ورزش: نزدیک به ضربه
near
[adjective]
Synonyms:
- close, adjacent, adjoining, nearby, neighbouring
- forthcoming, approaching, imminent, impending, in the offing, looming, nigh, upcoming
Antonyms: far
Contrasted words: alter, change, modify, vary, differ
Related Idioms: close to, hard by, within earshot, within reach, within sight
Related Words: equal, match, rival, touch
English Thesaurus: close, shut, slam, draw the curtains, put the lid on something, ...

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

I. near1 S1 W1 /nɪə $ nɪr/ adverb, preposition

1. SHORT DISTANCE AWAY only a short distance from a person or thing ⇒ close, nearby:
They live near London.
I’m sure they live somewhere near here.
They moved house to be nearer the school.
near to especially British English:
a hotel near to the beach
She told the children not to go near the canal.
I’m warning you – don’t come any nearer!
We heard voices as we drew near the village.
GRAMMAR
The form near is not often used as an adverb without to, except in the phrase quite near:
The school is quite near.
However, the comparative nearer is often used as an adverb:
The sound got nearer and nearer.
Do not say 'near from something'. Use to after near.

2. SHORT TIME BEFORE soon before a particular time or event:
I didn’t remember to phone until near the end of the week.
near to especially British English:
I’ll give you a ring a bit nearer to Christmas.
They should send us more details nearer the time of the concert.

3. ALMOST DOING SOMETHING almost doing something or almost in a particular state:
The work is now near completion.
A lot of the women were near tears.
We are no nearer an agreement than we were six months ago.
near to
He was near to panic as he scrambled out of the building.
She was near to crying.
He seemed to know that he was near to death.

4. AMOUNT OR LEVEL almost at a particular amount or level:
Inflation is now near 10%.
He looked nearer fifty than forty.
near to
Unemployment is now near to its all-time low.
Strawberries are near the top of the list.

5. SIMILAR if something is near something else, it is similar to it:
His story was near enough the truth for people to believe it.
near to
They say that love is very near to hate.
It may not be an exact replica but it’s pretty damn near.

6. near perfect/impossible etc almost perfect, impossible etc:
a near impossible task

7. draw near if an event is drawing near, it is nearly time for it to happen:
The day of his interview was drawing near.

8. (as) near as damn it British English spoken used to say that something is very nearly true or correct:
The repairs will cost us £1000, as near as damn it.

9. near enough British English used to say that something is nearly true or correct:
It’s eleven o'clock, near enough.
All three car parks were full, near enough.

10. nowhere near/not anywhere near used before an adjective or adverb to say that something is definitely not true:
That’s nowhere near enough money!
The job wasn’t anywhere near finished.

11. not come near somebody/something if one person or thing does not come near another one, it is not at all as good as the other one:
None of the other word processing programs comes near this one.

12. somebody will not go near somebody/something if someone will not go near a person or thing, they dislike or are frightened of them and will not speak to the person or use the thing:
He refused to go near a doctor.
He made up his mind never to go near a motorcycle again.

13. so near and yet so far used to emphasize that someone very nearly achieved or got something

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

II. near2 S2 W3 adjective

1. only a short distance away from someone or something ⇒ close, nearby:
It’s a beautiful house but it’s 20 miles away from the nearest town.
We can meet at the pub or in the restaurant, whichever’s nearer for you.
GRAMMAR
The form near is not used with this meaning before a noun. Use nearby instead:
a nearby park
However, the superlative nearest is often used before a noun:
They headed for the nearest beach.

2. a near disaster/collapse etc almost a disaster, collapse etc:
The election was a near disaster for the Conservative party.

3. the nearest thing/equivalent to something the thing you have that is most like a particular type of thing:
He’s the nearest thing to a father I’ve got.

4. in the near future soon:
They promised to contact us again in the near future.

5. be a near thing British English
a) if something you succeed in doing is a near thing, you manage to succeed but you nearly failed:
They won the championship, but it was a near thing.
b) used to say that you just managed to avoid a dangerous or unpleasant situation:
That was a near thing – that truck was heading straight for us.

6. near miss
a) when a bomb, plane, car etc nearly hits something but does not:
a near miss between two passenger aircraft over the airport
b) a situation in which something almost happens, or someone almost achieves something

7. to the nearest £10/hundred etc an amount to the nearest £10, hundred etc is the number nearest to it that can be divided by £10, a hundred etc:
Give me the car mileage to the nearest thousand.

8.
a) near relative/relation a relative who is very closely related to you such as a parent:
The death of a near relative is a terrible trauma for a child.
b) sb’s nearest and dearest someone’s family – used humorously

9. [only before noun, no comparative]
a) used to describe the side of something that is closest to where you are:
the near bank of the river
b) British English used when talking about the parts of a vehicle to mean the one that is closest to the side of the road when you drive Antonym : off:
The headlight on the near side isn’t working.
nearly
—nearness noun [uncountable]

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

III. near3 verb written

1. [transitive] to come closer to a place Synonym : approach:
She began to feel nervous as she neared the house.
The ship was nearing the harbour.

2. [transitive] to come closer to being in a particular state:
The work is nearing completion.
He’s 55 now, and nearing retirement.

3. [transitive] to come closer to a particular time:
He was nearing the end of his stay in India.

4. [intransitive] if a time nears, it gets closer and will come soon:
He got more and more nervous as the day of his departure neared.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

near
adjective
1.
BAD: He decided to visit a friend who lived very near from where he was at that moment.
GOOD: He decided to visit a friend who lived very near (to) where he was at that moment.

Usage Note:
near or near to (NOT near from ): 'The post office is near (to) the bank.' 'If we moved to Dallas, we would be nearer to my parents.'

2.
BAD: I went near to the girl and told her my name.
GOOD: I went up to the girl and told her my name.

Usage Note:
See note at TO 2 (to)

3.
BAD: I sometimes meet friends in a near restaurant.
GOOD: I sometimes meet friends in a nearby restaurant.
BAD: I ran to the telephone box which was near to call an ambulance.
GOOD: I ran to the telephone box nearby to call an ambulance.

Usage Note:
To say that something is only a short distance from a place, use nearby : 'I stopped at one of the nearby cottages and asked the way.' 'It's very convenient having a supermarket nearby.'

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Common Errors

near
nɪə
See: far and near

[TahlilGaran] English Idioms Dictionary


TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 14.0
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TahlilGaran : دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی near) | علیرضا معتمد , دیکشنری تحلیلگران , وب اپلیکیشن , تحلیلگران , دیکشنری , آنلاین , آیفون , IOS , آموزش مجازی 4.30 : 2178
4.30دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی near)
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