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old /əʊld $ oʊld/ adjective (comparative older, superlative oldest)

سالخورده ، کهن سال ، مسن ، فرسوده ، دیرینه ، قدیمی ، کهنه کار ، پیرانه ، کهنه ، گذشته ، سابقی ، باستا نی
کامپیوتر: قدیمی

[TahlilGaran] Persian Dictionary

- senile, aged, ancient, decrepit, elderly, mature, venerable
- antique, antediluvian, antiquated, dated, obsolete, superannuated, timeworn
- former, earlier, erstwhile, one-time, previous
Antonyms: new, modern, youthful
Contrasted words: contemporary, current, recent, advanced, newfound, brief, short-lived, casual, temporary, transitory, weak, newish, juvenile, young
Related Idioms: along in years, getting on
Related Words: constant, perpetual, staying, established, firm, solid, steady, primitive, traditional
English Thesaurus: last, previous, former, old, final, ...

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

old S1 W1 /əʊld $ oʊld/ adjective (comparative older, superlative oldest)
[Language: Old English; Origin: eald]

1. NOT NEW something that is old has existed or been used for a long time Antonym : new:
a pair of old shoes
Some of the houses around here are very old.
one of our oldest traditions
The car’s getting old now, and things are starting to go wrong with it.
That story’s as old as the hills (=extremely old).

a) someone who is old has lived for a very long time Antonym : young:
an old man
a home for old people
get/grow old
I can’t run around like I used to – I must be getting old.
b) the old [plural] people who are old:
the care of the old and sick

3. AGE used to talk about how long a person or thing has lived or existed
five/ten/fifty etc years old
I can’t believe you’re nearly forty years old!
a house that’s 300 years old
How old are you?
Are you older than Sally?
You’re old enough to get your own breakfast now.
I’m not coming skating. I’m too old for that now.
five-year-old/ten-year-old etc somebody/something
a six-week-old baby
a 500-year-old sword
somebody is old enough to know better (=used to say that you think someone should behave more sensibly)
somebody is old enough to be his/her/your mother/father (=used to say that someone is too old to be having a sexual relationship with someone else)

4. THAT YOU USED TO HAVE [only before noun] your old house, job, girlfriend etc is one that you used to have Synonym : former:
I met up with one of my old girlfriends at the weekend.
My old car was always breaking down.
That happened when we were still in the old house.
My old boss was awful!
old flame (=someone with whom you used to have a romantic relationship)

5. FAMILIAR [only before noun] old things are things that are familiar to you because you have seen them or experienced them many times before:
It’s good to get back into the old routine.
I enjoyed seeing all the old familiar faces.
He comes out with the same old excuses every time!it’s the same old story at story(9)

6. VERY WELL KNOWN [only before noun] an old friend, enemy etc is someone you have known for a long time:
Bob’s an old friend of mine.
an old colleague
They’re old rivals.

7. the old days times in the past
in the old days
In the old days people used to fetch water from the pump.

8. the good old days/the bad old days an earlier time in your life, or in history, when things seemed better or worse than now:
We like to chat about the good old days.

9. be/feel/look like your old self to feel or look better again after you have been ill or very unhappy:
It’s good to see you looking more like your old self again.

10. any old thing/place/time etc spoken used to say that it does not matter which thing, place etc you choose:
Oh, just wear any old thing.
Phone any old time – I’m always here.

11. any old how/way spoken in an untidy or careless way:
The papers had been dumped on my desk any old how.

12. good/poor/silly old etc somebody spoken used to talk about someone you like:
Good old Keith!
You poor old thing!

13. a good old something (also a right old something British English) spoken used to talk about something you enjoy:
We had a good old talk.

14. old devil/rascal etc spoken used to talk about someone you like and admire:
You old devil! You were planning this all along!

15. old fool/bastard/bat etc spoken not polite used to talk very rudely about someone you do not like:
the stupid old cow

16. the old guard a group of people within an organization or club who do not like changes or new ideas:
He’ll never manage to persuade the old guard.

17. be an old hand (at something) to have a lot of experience of something:
I’m an old hand at this game.

18. be old before your time to look or behave like someone much older than you, especially because of difficulties in your life

19. for old times’ sake if you do something for old times’ sake, you do it to remind yourself of a happy time in the past

20. the old country especially American English the country that you were born in, but that you no longer live in, used especially to mean Europe

21. an old head on young shoulders British English a young person who seems to think and behave like an older person

22. pay/settle an old score to punish someone for something wrong that they did to you in the past

23. of/from the old school old-fashioned and believing in old ideas and customs:
a doctor of the old school

24. old wives’ tale a belief based on old ideas that are now considered to be untrue

25. of old literary from a long time ago in the past:
the knights of old

26. Old English/Old Icelandic etc an early form of English, Icelandic etc

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

I. age
VERBS be, feel, look, seem You are as old as you feel.
ADV. enough He's old enough by now to manage his own affairs.
PHRASES six months, ten years, etc. old

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

II. not young
VERBS be, feel, look, seem, sound The way the young people rushed about made her feel old. He was beginning to look old.
become, get, grow We're all getting older. As they grow older, they develop new interests.
ADV. extremely, terribly, very | fairly, quite She was quite old when she got married.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

III. not new
ADV. extremely, really, terribly, very It's a very old tradition.
fairly, quite
PHRASES oldest known These are some of the oldest known fossil remains.
oldest remaining It's one of the oldest remaining parts of the church.
oldest surviving It's the world's oldest surviving ship.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

IV. shows affection/lack of respect
PHRASES boring/silly old boring old history books She's a silly old cow!
dear/good old Good old Dad!
funny old It's a funny old world.
poor old You poor old thing!
same old always the same old faces

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary


be 5/10/50 etc years old
My dad is 45 years old.
a five-year-old/fifteen-year-old etc somebody/something
a three-year-old boy
how old is …?
‘How old is your daughter?’ ‘She’s ten.’
be too old for something
He was too old for military service.
be old enough to do something
You’re old enough to help with the cooking.
somebody is old enough to know better (=used when you think someone should behave more sensibly)
He’s old enough to know better, but he went and did it anyway!
somebody is old enough to be sb’s mother/father (=used when you think that someone is much too old to be having a relationship with another person )
Why would she want to go out with someone who was old enough to be her father?

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

BAD: He is married to a twenty years old American girl.
GOOD: He is married to a twenty-year-old American girl.
BAD: Eight-years-old Sarah had a few surprises up her sleeve.
GOOD: Eight-year-old Sarah had a few surprises up her sleeve.

Usage Note:
Use years old after the verb be : 'Sarah is eight years old.'
In front of a noun, use a compound adjective (WITH two hyphens and a singular noun): 'a three-week-old baby', 'a ten-year-old daughter'
Nouns of measurement ('year', 'week', 'gram', 'mile' etc) are always singular when used in compound adjectives: 'a ten-second silence', 'a six-minute wait', 'a five-mile race'.

BAD: He fell in love with a young girl of nineteen years old.
GOOD: He fell in love with a young girl of nineteen.

Usage Note:
noun + of + number: 'a child of five', 'a man of sixty'
Compare: 'The girl was nineteen years old.'

BAD: The old should not be brushed aside by society.
GOOD: The elderly should not be brushed aside by society.

Usage Note:
To refer to old people in general, use the elderly : 'The building has been converted into a retirement home for the elderly.'

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Common Errors

See: chip off the old block , comfortable as an old shoe , common as an old shoe , of old

[TahlilGaran] English Idioms Dictionary

TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 14.0
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