rough ●●●●●
تلفظ آنلاین

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rough /rʌf/ adjective (comparative rougher, superlative roughest)

دشوار ، سخت ، زبر ، خشن ، درشت ، ناهموار ، ناهنجار ، دست مالی کردن ، بهم زدن ، زمخت کردن ، علوم مهندسی: ناصاف ، علوم هوایی: زبر ، علوم نظامی: پست و بلند
مهندسی صنایع: زبر ، خشن ، ناهموار ، سطح پرداخت نشده

[TahlilGaran] Persian Dictionary

- uneven, broken, bumpy, craggy, irregular, jagged, rocky, stony
- ungracious, blunt, brusque, coarse, impolite, rude, unceremonious, uncivil, uncouth, unmannerly
- approximate, estimated, general, imprecise, inexact, sketchy, vague
- stormy, choppy, squally, turbulent, wild
- nasty, cruel, hard, harsh, tough, unfeeling, unpleasant, violent
- basic, crude, imperfect, incomplete, rudimentary, sketchy, unfinished, unpolished, unrefined
- unpleasant, arduous, hard, tough, uncomfortable
- rough out: outline, draft, plan, sketch
- outline, draft, mock-up, preliminary sketch
Antonyms: smooth
Contrasted words: flat, flush, level, plain, plane, calm, halcyon, peaceful, placid, serene, tranquil
Related Idioms: in the rough
Related Words: bumpy, choppy, burred, firm, hard, solid, coarse, gross, discourteous, impolite, uncivil, ungracious
English Thesaurus: rough, uneven, bumpy, coarse, rugged, ...

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

I. rough1 S2 W3 /rʌf/ adjective (comparative rougher, superlative roughest)
[Word Family: noun: rough, the rough, roughage, roughness; verb: rough, roughen; adverb: rough, roughly; adjective: rough]
[Language: Old English; Origin: ruh]

1. NOT SMOOTH having an uneven surface Antonym : smooth:
Her hands were rough from hard work.
the rough terrain at the base of the mountains
We were bumping over the rough ground.

2. NOT EXACT [usually before noun] not exact, not containing many details, or not in a final form Synonym : approximate:
a rough sketch of the house
a rough translation
Could you give me a rough idea what time you’ll be home?
a rough estimate of the cost
First do a rough draft of your essay.

3. PROBLEMS/DIFFICULTIES a rough period is one in which you have a lot of problems or difficulties Synonym : tough:
The first year was rough, but things have gotten better.
Sounds like you had a rough day.
We’ve been through some rough times together.
My boyfriend and I were going through a rough patch.
The bill is in for a rough ride in the Senate.
It’s been rough going, but we’ve almost finished now.

4. NOT GENTLE using force, anger, or violence Antonym : gentle:
Rugby is a very rough sport.
Don’t be too rough – she’s only little.
Paul gave her a rough shake.
equipment capable of withstanding rough treatment
The referee won’t allow any rough stuff (=violent behaviour).
be rough on somebody (=treat someone unkindly or criticize them in an angry way)
Don’t you think you were a little rough on her?

5. TOWN/AREA ETC a rough area is a place where there is a lot of violence or crime:
a rough part of town

6. WEATHER/SEA with strong wind or storms Antonym : calm:
The ship went down in rough seas.

a) not sounding soft or gentle, and often rather unpleasant or angry:
Barton’s deep, rough voice
b) having an unpleasant sound, especially because there is something wrong with a machine:
The clutch sounds rough – better get it checked.

8. SIMPLE/NOT WELL MADE simple and often not very well made:
a rough wooden table

9. NOT COMFORTABLE uncomfortable, and with difficult conditions:
The journey was long and rough.

10. have rough edges (also be rough around the edges)
a) to have some parts that are not as good as they should be, but that are not a serious problem:
The team has a few rough edges, but they’re winning more games.
b) if a person is rough around the edges, they are not very polite, educated etc

11. rough night a night when you did not sleep well:
Mickey had a rough night last night.

12. a rough deal something that happens to you that is unfair or unpleasant:
He’s had a rough deal with his wife leaving him like that.

13. feel rough British English informal to feel ill

14. look rough British English informal to look untidy, dirty, or unhealthy:
After travelling for two days we must have looked pretty rough.

15. rough and ready not perfect, but good enough for a particular purpose:
The tests are only a rough and ready guide to a pupil’s future development.

16. rough justice punishment that is not decided in a court in the usual legal way, and that is often severe or unfair:
Gangs practise a kind of rough justice on their members.
—roughness noun [uncountable]
rough diamond, rough paper, roughly

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

II. rough2 noun
[Word Family: noun: rough, the rough, roughage, roughness; verb: rough, roughen; adverb: rough, roughly; adjective: rough]

1. the rough uneven ground with long grass on an area where people play golf Antonym : green

2. take the rough with the smooth to accept the bad things in life as well as the good ones:
You have to learn to take the rough with the smooth.

3. [countable] a picture drawn very quickly, not showing all the details Synonym : sketch:
a rough of the proposed housing development

4. in rough British English if you write or draw something in rough, you do it without paying attention to details or tidiness, because you are going to do it again later:
It’s best to work in rough first, and then write it out neatly.

5. a bit of rough British English informal someone from a lower social class than you, with whom you have a sexual relationship
diamond in the rough

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

III. rough3 verb
[Word Family: noun: rough, the rough, roughage, roughness; verb: rough, roughen; adverb: rough, roughly; adjective: rough]
rough it informal to live for a short time in conditions that are not very comfortable:
I don’t mind roughing it for a while.
rough something ↔ out phrasal verb British English
to draw or write something without including all the details:
a diagram the engineer had roughed out on his notepad
rough somebody ↔ up phrasal verb
informal to attack someone and hurt them by hitting them

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

IV. rough4 adverb
[Word Family: noun: rough, the rough, roughage, roughness; verb: rough, roughen; adverb: rough, roughly; adjective: rough]

1. sleep rough British English to sleep outside with nothing to protect you from the weather, especially because you have no home to live in:
the number of people sleeping rough on the street

2. play rough to play in a fairly violent way
cut up rough at cut1(6)

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English


a rough day/week etc
He’s had a rough week at work.
a rough time
My children had a rough time because they were different from the rest.
a rough patch (=a difficult time that does not last long)
He was good at encouraging his team when it hit a rough patch.
a rough ride (=a time when you are criticized, opposed etc)
She was given a rough ride by the press.
Though the President pushed the bill through the House of Representatives, it faces a rough ride in the Senate.
rough going (=a difficult and unpleasant experience)
If there is a recession, next year will be very rough going.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

See: diamond in the rough

[TahlilGaran] English Idioms Dictionary

TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 14.0
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TahlilGaran : دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی rough) | علیرضا معتمد , دیکشنری تحلیلگران , وب اپلیکیشن , تحلیلگران , دیکشنری , آنلاین , آیفون , IOS , آموزش مجازی 4.17 : 2208
4.17دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی rough)
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