hold ●●●●●
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hold /həʊld $ hoʊld/ verb (past tense and past participle held /held/)
hold noun

Irregular Forms: (held)


دریافت کردن ، گرفتن توقف ، منعقد کردن ، متصرف بودن ، گرفتن غیرمجاز حریف ، ضربه به گوی اصلی بیلیارد که مسیر معمولی را طی نکند ، گرفتن غیرمجاز توپ ، گیره مکث بین کشیدن زه و رها کردن ان ، انبار کشتی ، پناهگاه گرفتن ، دژ ، ایست ، گیره ، اتصالی نگهدارنده ، پایه ، مقر ، نگهداشتن ، نگاه داشتن ، دردست داشتن ، جا گرفتن ، تصرف کردن ، چسبیدن ، نگاهداری ، علوم مهندسی: نگهداری ، قانون ـ فقه: جلوگیری کردن از ، ورزش: تسلط ، علوم نظامی: جلوگیری کردن ، علوم دریایی: انبار کالا
مهندسی صنایع: فروش/خرید/تدارکات: متوقف ، نگهداشتن

[TahlilGaran] Persian Dictionary

hold
[verb]
Synonyms:
- own, have, keep, maintain, occupy, possess, retain
- grasp, clasp, cling, clutch, cradle, embrace, enfold, grip
- restrain, confine, detain, impound, imprison
- consider, assume, believe, deem, judge, presume, reckon, regard, think
- convene, call, conduct, preside over, run
- accommodate, contain, have a capacity for, seat, take
[noun]
Synonyms:
- grip, clasp, grasp
- foothold, footing, support
- control, influence, mastery
Related Words: handclasp, handhold, purchase
English Thesaurus: hold, grip, clutch, clasp, get/take hold of something, ...

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

I. hold1 S1 W1 /həʊld $ hoʊld/ verb (past tense and past participle held /held/)
[Word Family: noun: hold, holder, holding; verb: hold]
[Language: Old English; Origin: healdan]

1. IN YOUR HAND/ARMS
a) [transitive] to have something in your hand, hands, or arms:
Could you hold my bag for me?
hold something in your hand/arms
He was holding a knife in one hand.
I held the baby in my arms.
hold hands (=hold each other’s hands)
They sat holding hands under a tree.
hold somebody close/tightly (=with your arms around someone)
Max held her close and wiped away her tears.
b) [transitive always + adverb/preposition] to move your hand or something in your hand in a particular direction
hold something out/up etc
He held out his hand to help her to her feet.
Hold the picture up so we can see it.

2. EVENT [transitive] to have a meeting, party, election etc in a particular place or at a particular time:
This year’s conference will be held at the Hilton Hotel.
A thanksgiving ceremony was held to mark the occasion.
The funeral was held on a grey day in November.
In April, the President held talks with Chinese leaders.

3. KEEP SOMETHING IN POSITION [transitive] to make something stay in a particular position
hold something open/up etc
We used rolled-up newspapers to hold the windows open.
Remember to hold your head up and keep your back straight.
hold something in place/position
A couple of screws should hold it in place.
Lift your head off the floor and hold this position for five seconds.

4. JOB/TITLE [transitive]
a) to have a particular job or position, especially an important one:
Do you really think he’s capable of holding such a responsible position?
hold the post/position/office etc (of something)
She was the first woman to hold the office of Australian state premier.
The governor had held the post since 1989.
Whoever is elected will hold office (=have an important political position) for four years.
b) to have a particular title or record, because you have won a competition, are the best at something etc:
The programme still holds the record for the longest running TV series.
The last Briton to hold the title was Bert Nicholson.

5. KEEP/STORE [transitive] to keep something to be used when it is needed:
Further copies of the book are held in the library.
Weapons were held at various sites.

6. KEEP SOMETHING AVAILABLE FOR SOMEBODY [transitive] to agree not to give something such as a ticket, a place at a restaurant, a job etc to anyone except a particular person:
We can hold the reservation for you until next Friday.
hold something open
You can’t expect them to hold the job open for much longer – you’ll have to decide whether you want it or not.

7. KEEP SOMEBODY SOMEWHERE [transitive] to keep someone somewhere, and not allow them to leave:
Police are holding two men in connection with the robbery.
hold somebody prisoner/hostage/captive
A senior army officer was held hostage for four months.
hold somebody incommunicado (=keep someone somewhere and not allow them to communicate with anyone)

8. OPINION [transitive not in progressive] to have a particular opinion or belief:
Experts hold varying opinions as to the causes of the disease.
be widely/generally/commonly held (=be the opinion of a lot of people)
This view is not widely held.
be held to be something
She was held to be one of the most talented actors of her time.
hold that
The judge held that the child’s interests in this case must come first.

9. hold somebody responsible/accountable/liable (for something) to say or decide that someone should accept the responsibility for something bad that happens:
If anything happens to her, I’ll hold you personally responsible.
He may have had a terrible childhood, but he should still be held accountable for his own actions.

10. OWN SOMETHING [transitive] to officially own or possess money, a document, a company etc:
He holds shares in ICI.
Do you hold a valid passport?
a privately held company

11. CONTAIN A PARTICULAR AMOUNT [transitive not in progressive] to have the space to contain a particular amount of something:
The movie theater holds 500 people.
The tank should hold enough to last us a few days.

12. SUPPORT [intransitive and transitive] to be strong enough to support the weight of something or someone:
Careful! I’m not sure that branch will hold you.
The bridge didn’t look as though it would hold.

13. STAY AT SAME LEVEL [intransitive and transitive] to stay at a particular amount, level, or rate, or to make something do this:
The bank is holding interest rates at 4%.
Since then, the pound has held steady against the dollar.
hold sb’s interest/attention (=make someone stay interested)
Colourful pictures help hold the students’ interest.

14. NOT CHANGE [intransitive] to continue to be true, good, available etc:
What I said yesterday holds.
Does your invitation still hold?
hold true/good
Twenty years on, his advice still holds good.
weather/luck holds (out) (=continues to be good)
If our luck holds, we could reach the final.

15. STOP/DELAY [transitive] spoken used in particular phrases to tell someone to wait or not to do something:
I’ll have a tuna fish sandwich please – and hold the mayo (=do not give me any).
hold it!
Hold it! We’re not quite ready.
hold your horses! (=used to tell someone to do something more slowly or carefully)

16. hold your head up (also hold your head high) to behave as if you are proud of yourself or respect yourself:
They may have lost the game, but I still think they’ve earned the right to hold their heads high today.

17. hold your breath
a) to deliberately not breathe out for a short time:
Hold your breath and count to ten.
b) to not breathe out and try not to make a sound because you do not want to be noticed:
Julie shrank back against the wall and held her breath.
c) not hold your breath spoken used to say that you do not expect something to happen, even though someone has said it will:
He promised he’d phone, but I’m not holding my breath.

18. hold (your) fire
a) to not shoot at someone when you were going to
b) to not criticize, attack, or oppose someone when you were going to:
The President urged his party to hold fire on the issue a few days longer.

19. TELEPHONE [intransitive] (also hold the line) spoken to wait until the person you have telephoned is ready to answer:
Mr Stevens is busy at the moment – would you like to hold?
Please hold the line while I transfer you.

20. ARMY [transitive] if an army holds a place, it controls it or defends it from attack:
The French army held the town for three days.

21. MUSICAL NOTE [transitive] to make a musical note continue for a particular length of time

22. FUTURE [transitive] formal if the future holds something, that is what may happen:
Thousands of workers are waiting to see what the future holds.

23. HAVE A QUALITY [transitive] formal to have a particular quality
hold (little) interest/appeal/promise etc
Many church services hold little appeal for modern tastes.

24. hold your own (against somebody) to successfully defend yourself or succeed in a difficult situation, competition etc:
He was a good enough player to hold his own against the Americans.

25. not hold a candle to somebody/something to be much worse than someone or something else

26. be left holding the baby British English, be left holding the bag American English to be left as the only person responsible for dealing with a difficult situation, especially something someone else started:
He was left holding the financial baby when his musical partner joined another band.

27. hold sway to have a lot of influence or power:
Among people here, traditional values still hold sway.

28. hold court to get the attention of everyone while you are talking, especially when you are trying to entertain people:
Joey would walk into the bar and hold court all night.

29. hold your tongue spoken used to tell someone to stop talking or to not tell someone about something:
I reckon you’ve just got to learn to hold your tongue.

30. hold all the cards to have all the advantages in a situation in which people are competing or arguing:
‘There’s not much we can do. They seem to hold all the cards,’ said Dan gloomily.

31. hold fast (to something) to keep believing strongly in something

32. hold a conversation to have a conversation

33. hold the fort to be responsible for something while the person usually responsible for it is not there:
She’s holding the fort while the manager’s on holiday.

34. hold the lead/advantage to be winning in a competition, game etc:
Celtic held the lead in the first half.

35. there’s no holding somebody (back) spoken used to say that someone is so determined to do something that you cannot prevent them from doing it

36. can hold your drink/liquor/alcohol etc to be able to drink a lot of alcohol without getting drunk or ill

37. not hold water if an excuse, a statement etc does not hold water, it does not seem to be true or reasonable

38. hold something/somebody dear formal to care about something or someone a lot:
We were facing the loss of everything we held dear.

39. hold the road if a car holds the road well, you can drive it quickly around bends without losing control
hold a course at course1(8)

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

II. hold2 S2 W3 noun
[Word Family: noun: hold, holder, holding; verb: hold]
[Sense 1-9, 11: Origin: hold1]
[Sense 10: Origin: hole]

1. HOLDING SOMETHING [singular] the action of holding something with your hands Synonym : grip
hold on
She released her tight hold on the dog.
He tightened his hold, refusing to let her go.
Make sure you keep hold of my hand when we cross the road.
I took hold of her hand and gently led her away.
Grab hold of the rope and pull yourself up.

2. get hold of something (also get a hold of something American English) to find or borrow something so that you can use it:
I need to get hold of a car.
She managed to get a hold of a copy.

3. get hold of somebody (also get a hold of somebody American English) to find and speak to someone about something:
I must get hold of Vanessa to see if she can babysit.

4. CONTROL/POWER [singular] control, power, or influence over something or someone
get/keep a hold on/of something
He struggled to get a hold of his emotions.
I’ve always kept a tight hold on our finances.
I realized that the woman had a hold over my father.

5. on hold
a) if something is on hold, it is going to be done or dealt with at a later date rather than now:
The plans are on hold until after the election.
Since having the kids, my career has been put on hold.
b) if you are on hold, you are waiting to talk to someone on the telephone:
We try not to keep people on hold for more than a couple of minutes.
The agent put me on hold while she consulted a colleague.

6. take (a) hold to start to have a definite effect:
The fever was beginning to take hold.

7. get hold of an idea/an impression/a story etc to learn or begin to believe something:
Where on earth did you get hold of that idea?

8. FIGHT [countable] a particular position that you hold an opponent in, in a fight or a sport such as wrestling

9. CLIMBING [countable] somewhere you can put your hands or feet to help you climb something:
The cliff was steep and it was difficult to find a hold.

10. SHIP [countable] the part of a ship below the deck1(1) where goods are stored

11. no holds barred when there are no rules or limits on what you are allowed to do:
It seems there are no holds barred when it comes to making a profit.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

hold
noun
I. act/way of holding sth
ADJ. firm, tight He still had me in a tight hold.
VERB + HOLD catch, get, grab, grasp, seize, take Take hold of the handle and give it a hard pull.
have, keep He kept a firm hold on my hand.
lose He lost his hold on the rock and was swept away by the tide.
tighten | relax, release She finally released her hold on me.
PREP. ~ on He tightened his hold on her.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

hold
II. influence/control over sb
ADJ. firm, powerful, strong, tight He still has a firm hold on the party.
increasing | fragile, tenuous, weak Her hold on power was now quite tenuous.
VERB + HOLD have | lose The allies lost their hold on northern France.
consolidate, strengthen, tighten Enemy forces have consolidated their hold on the northern province.
break, weaken an attempt to break the hold of the Church
PREP. ~ on This had weakened his hold on power.
~ over He no longer had any hold over her.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

hold

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

hold
verb
BAD: One of the men walked over to me and held my bag.
GOOD: One of the men walked over to me and took hold of my bag.
BAD: As soon as she saw the mouse, she held a knife.
GOOD: As soon as she saw the mouse, she picked up a knife.

Usage Note:
hold = have something in your hand/hands/arms etc: 'I'd been holding the baby for nearly an hour and my right arm was getting tired.'
get/take hold of = put your fingers or hands around something and hold it: 'Quick! Get hold of the rope! The boat's drifting away.'
pick up = put your fingers around something and take it: 'He bent down to pick up the glove that she'd dropped.'

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Common Errors

hold
̈ɪhəuld
See: get hold of , lay hold of , leave holding the bag or leave holding the sack

[TahlilGaran] English Idioms Dictionary

hold
Space below the deck of a ship that is used to carry cargo. The holds of a ship are numbered for purposes of cargo identification and location.

[TahlilGaran] Acronyms and Abbreviations Dictionary


TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 14.0
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TahlilGaran : دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی hold) | علیرضا معتمد , دیکشنری تحلیلگران , وب اپلیکیشن , تحلیلگران , دیکشنری , آنلاین , آیفون , IOS , آموزش مجازی 4.56 : 2173
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