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how /haʊ/ adverb

چگونه ، از چه طریق ، چطور ، به چه سبب ، چگونگی ، راه ، روش ، متد ، کیفیت ، چنانکه
how S1 W1 /haʊ/ adverb
[Language: Old English; Origin: hu]

1. used to ask or talk about the way in which something happens or is done:
How do you spell your name?
How can I help you?
I’d like to help in some way, but I’m not sure how.
He explained how the system worked.
We both used to work at the airport – that’s how we met.
how to do something
I don’t know how to get to your house.
Alan showed me how to load the gun.
advice on how best (=the best way) to invest your money
They had a number of suggestions as to how the service could be improved.
This still leaves the question of how local services should be funded.
how on earth/in the world etc (=used for emphasis when you are surprised, angry etc)
How on earth did you find out?

2. used to ask or talk about the amount, size, degree etc of something:
How big is the state of Louisiana?
How many kids do they have now?
How long have you been learning English?
Do you know how old it is?
They couldn’t tell exactly how far away the bridge was.
She wondered how much Angela already knew.
how much? (=used to ask the price of something)
How much are the tickets?

3. spoken
a) used to ask about someone’s health, especially when you meet them:
‘Hi Laurie, how are you?’ ‘Fine, thanks. How are you?’
Has Ros had the baby yet? How is she?
‘How’s your ankle this morning?’ ‘Better, thanks.’
b) used when you meet someone, to ask for news about their life, work etc:
So how’s it going at work these days? Still enjoying it?
How are things with you?’ ‘Fine.’
How are you doing?

4. used to ask someone about their opinion or experience of something:
How was the film?
‘How’s your steak?’ ‘Mmm, it’s good.’
How did your exams go?
How do you feel about seeing Peter again?
How’s that? Does that feel comfortable?

5. used after certain adjectives or verbs to refer to an event or situation:
It’s amazing how they’ve managed to get everything finished so quickly.
I remember how she always used to have fresh flowers in the house.

6. [+adjective/adverb] used to emphasize the quality you are mentioning:
How lovely to see you!
‘John’s been in an accident.’ ‘Oh, how awful!’
I didn’t realize how difficult it was to get tickets.
He was impressed at how well she could read.

7. old-fashioned or written used to say that something happens to a very great degree:
How the crowd loved it!


8. how about ... ?
a) used to make a suggestion about what to do Synonym : what about:
No, I’m busy on Monday. How about Tuesday at seven?
how about doing something?
How about putting the sofa closer to the window?
How about we have that game when we get back?
How about if we tell the police where Newley is hiding?
how’s about ... ? American English:
How’s about going to the beach this afternoon?
b) used to ask about another person or thing:
‘Mary and Ken are still away.’ ‘And how about Billy?’
I need a long cold drink. How about you?

9. how do you mean? used to ask someone to explain something they have just said:
‘What’s your family situation?’ ‘How do you mean?’ ‘Are you married?’

10. how come? informal used to ask why something has happened or why a particular situation exists, especially when you are surprised by it:
How come Dave’s home? Isn’t he feeling well?

11. how do you do? formal used as a polite greeting when you meet someone for the first time

12. how can/could somebody do something? used when you are very surprised by something or disapprove strongly of something:
William! How can you say such a thing?
How could anyone be so cruel?

13. how you like/want British English informal in whatever way you like or want:
Then you can arrange it how you like.

14. how about that!/how do you like that! used when you think something is surprising, rude, impressive etc:
He scored two goals! How about that!

15. how’s that for something? used to say that you think something is very impressive:
I’ve already arranged everything. How’s that for efficiency?

16. how ... is that? informal
a) used to say that an action or event has a particular quality to a great degree:
He sent himself a card for Valentine’s Day. How sad is that?
b) used to say that an action or event does not have a particular quality:
They say they’re not going to leave, but how likely is that?

17. how so? used to ask someone to explain an opinion they have given:
‘Rick’s parents are a little strange, I think.’ ‘How so?’

18. how about if ... ? informal used to mention something that may happen, and ask what should be done if it does happen:
How about if we quit now?

19. and how! old-fashioned used to say ‘yes’ strongly in reply to a question:
‘Was Matt drunk?’ ‘And how!’
how dare you at dare1(2)

How much is used before comparative adjectives to ask or talk about a difference:
They realize how much better off they are than previous generations. However, before an ordinary adjective, use how, not 'how much':
We all know how important (NOT how much important) a balanced diet is.
Do not use how with 'look like/feel like/be like' to ask for or talk about a description of someone or something. Use what:
What does she look like?
Do not use how with 'think' to ask or talk about someone’s opinion. Use what:
What do you think of your present employer?

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

BAD: Could you describe how the driver looks like?
GOOD: Could you describe what the driver looks like?
BAD: How is Christmas in France?
GOOD: What is Christmas like in France?
BAD: How do the new shoes feel like?
GOOD: What do the new shoes feel like?

Usage Note:
When you ask for or give a description of someone or something, use what ... like (NOT how ): 'What's your new English teacher like?' 'This drawing gives you an idea of what the new shopping complex will look like.' 'What does it feel like to win an Olympic gold medal?' 'What do the apples taste like?'

BAD: I realized how much different everybody's personality is.
GOOD: I realized how different everybody's personality is.
BAD: I just can't tell you how much I'm sorry.
GOOD: I just can't tell you how sorry I am.

Usage Note:
how + adjective/adverb (WITHOUT much ): 'Did you notice how sad he looked?'

BAD: How do you think of the hotel?
GOOD: What do you think of the hotel?
BAD: Should I tell him the truth? How do you think?
GOOD: Should I tell him the truth? What do you think?

Usage Note:
When you ask someone for their opinion, use what ... think (NOT how ): 'What do you think of Ann's new car?'

BAD: Their decision will depend on how good is your offer.
GOOD: Their decision will depend on how good your offer is.
BAD: Please let me know how much is the postage.
GOOD: Please let me know how much the postage is.

Usage Note:
In a subordinate clause, the subject and verb do NOT change places. Compare: 'How much did she pay for it?' 'Do you know how much she paid for it?'

BAD: I must tell you how I was pleased to receive a letter from you.
GOOD: I must tell you how pleased I was to receive a letter from you.
BAD: I keep telling myself how I am lucky to have such wonderful children.
GOOD: I keep telling myself how lucky I am to have such wonderful children.

Usage Note:
how + adjective/adverb + subject + verb: 'I can't describe how sad I felt.' 'How clumsy you are!' 'I was amazed at how fast she was driving.'

BAD: We all know how terrible disease AIDS is.
GOOD: We all know what a terrible disease AIDS is.

Usage Note:
what + noun phrase (NOT how ): 'I've been told what a fine chess player you are.' 'What a stupid thing to say!'

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Common Errors

See: and how!

[TahlilGaran] English Idioms Dictionary

TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 14.0
All rights reserved, Copyright © ALi R. Motamed 2001-2020.

TahlilGaran : دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی how) | علیرضا معتمد , دیکشنری تحلیلگران , وب اپلیکیشن , تحلیلگران , دیکشنری , آنلاین , آیفون , IOS , آموزش مجازی 4.25 : 2206
4.25دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی how)
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