industry ●●●●●
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industry /ˈɪndəstri/ noun (plural industries)

صنعت ، صناعت ، پیشه و هنر ، ابتکار ، مجاهدت ، معماری: صنعت ، شیمی: صنعت ، روانشناسی: کوشایی ، بازرگانی: صنعت
کامپیوتر: صنعت

[TahlilGaran] Persian Dictionary

- business, commerce, manufacturing, production, trade
- effort, activity, application, diligence, labour, tirelessness, toil, zeal

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

industry S2 W1 /ˈɪndəstri/ noun (plural industries)
[Word Family: noun: industrialist, industrialism, industrialization, industry; adjective: industrial, industrialized, industrious; adverb: industrially, industriously; verb: industrialize]
[Date: 1400-1500; Language: Old French; Origin: industrie 'skill, work involving skill', from Latin industria 'willingness to work hard']

1. [uncountable]
a) the large-scale production of goods or of substances such as coal and steel:
This type of software is widely used in industry.
workers in manufacturing industry
b) the people who work in industry:
an agreement that will be welcomed by both sides of industry (=employers and workers)

2. [countable] businesses that produce a particular type of thing or provide a particular service:
I work in the oil industry.
Italy’s thriving tourist industry

3. [uncountable] formal the fact of working hard:
Gould is a man of great industry.

4. [singular] an area of work which has grown too large – used to show disapproval:
another book from the Shakespeare industry

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

ADJ. thriving | important, key, major | (fastest) growing | declining | modern | traditional | cottage Weaving and knitting are traditional cottage industries.
domestic, international, local, national | private, privatized | government-owned, nationalized, state-run | heavy | light | strategic strategic industries such as the extraction of oil and natural gas
manufacturing, service the shift away from manufacturing to service industry
labour-intensive | high-tech/high-technology | building, construction | engineering | shipbuilding | chemical, coal, electricity, energy, gas, mining, nuclear, oil, petrochemical | agricultural, fishing, food, timber | pharmaceutical | automobile, automotive, car, motor | computer, electronics | textiles | advertising | insurance | entertainment, film, music/record | catering, hospitality, hotel, leisure, tourist
VERB + INDUSTRY assist, develop, encourage, help, stimulate The government decided to encourage industries based on biotechnology. government measures to stimulate new industry
run down Running down the nuclear industry will result in heavy job losses.
damage They claim that a commercial port would damage the local tourist industry.
cripple, destroy, ruin | nationalize | privatize | regulate | protect trade barriers erected to protect domestic industry
subsidize The state's timber industry is heavily subsidized.
interfere in/with The government has interfered in industry, with disastrous results, by attempting to alter economic trends.
be involved in/with More than 140,000 people are directly involved in the industry.
enter, go into students training to enter the catering industry She decided to leave teaching and go into industry.
INDUSTRY + VERB develop, grow up, spring up In the favourable economic environment, new light industries are constantly springing up.
boom, expand, grow The tourist industry is still expanding rapidly.
decline, shrink | close down, disappear When the railway disappeared, other industries associated with it closed down.
compete | produce sth
INDUSTRY + NOUN leader | standard They hope that the disk drive will become an industry standard.
PREP. in/within ~ In the computer industry, change comes about very rapidly.
PHRASES a captain of industry, commerce and industry The banks lend money to commerce and industry.
regulation of (an) industry proposals for regulation of the water industry
the revival of (an) industry the revival of the British film industry
a sector of industry, trade and industry the Department of Trade and Industry

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary


an important/major industry
Agriculture is still a major industry in Scotland.
a thriving industry (=one that is doing very well)
Software development soon became a thriving industry in the area.
a growing industry
Tourism is a growing industry in the many parts of the developing world.
a declining industry (=one that is doing badly)
Coal and steel are declining industries in Britain.
manufacturing industry (=industries in which goods are produced in factories)
The last twenty years has seen a decline in manufacturing industry.
a service industry (=businesses that provide a service, such as banking and tourism)
Most of the new jobs are in service industries.
heavy industry (=industries that involve the production of large goods)
Shipbuilding and other heavy industry developed in the North of Britain.
light industry (=industries that involve the production of small goods)
Jobs in light industry are increasing.
modern industry
Modern industry needs to be in places where there are good transport links.
a traditional industry (=an industry that has been in a particular area for a long time )
The shipyards, the traditional industry in the north east, had closed.
the coal/car/textile etc industry
The town was very dependant on the car industry.
the agricultural/fishing industry
There has been a decline in Britain’s fishing industry.
the tourist/travel industry
The tourist industry earns billions of dollars per year.
the leisure/entertainment industry
Computer technology has revolutionized the entertainment industry.
the film/music industry (=the work of producing films or music)
She would really like to work in the music industry.
an industry grows/expands
The clothing industry grew rapidly during the 1960s.
an industry declines (=becomes less successful)
The shipping industry declined after World War II.
develop an industry
More investment is needed to develop new industries such as tourism.
damage an industry
Financial scandals have damaged the industry in recent years.
nationalize an industry (=make it owned by the state)
The rail industry was nationalized in the 1950s, with disastrous results.
privatize an industry (=make it privately owned, rather than owned by the state)
The water industry was privatized in the 1980s.
regulate an industry (=control an industry so that it does not make unfair profits)
A new agency was created to regulate the telecommunications industry.
an industry leader (=one of the most successful companies in a particular industry)
We are now a mature company and an industry leader.
industry experts (=people who know a lot about a particular industry)
Industry experts expect house prices to rise.
industry analysts (=people who study a particular industry to see how it is developing)
Industry analysts are expecting profits to improve in the second half of the year.
a captain of industry (=someone who runs a large company and has a lot of influence)
He rose to be a great captain of industry.
trade and industry (=producing goods, and buying and selling them)
He works for the Department of Trade and Industry.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

BAD: The biggest industries in Jakobsberg are Philips and IBM.
GOOD: The biggest companies in Jakobsberg are Philips and IBM.

Usage Note:
Company an organization that makes or sells goods or that sells services: ‘My father works for an insurance company.’ ‘IBM is one of the biggest companies in the electronics industry.’
Factory a place where goods such as furniture, carpets, curtains, clothes, plates, toys, bicycles, sports equipments, drinks and packaged food are produced: ‘The company’s UK factory produces 500 golf trolleys a week.’
Industry (1) all the people, factories, companies etc involved in a major area of production: ‘the steel industry’, the clothing industry’
(2) all industries considered together as a single thing: ‘Industry has developed rapidly over the years at the expense of agriculture.’
Mill (1) a place where a particular type of material is made: ‘a cotton mill’, ‘a textile mill’, a paper mill’ (2) a place where flour is made from grain: ‘a flour mill’
Plant a factory or building where vehicles, engines, weapons, heavy machine, drugs or industrial chemicals are produced, where chemical processes are carried out, or where power is generated:‘Vauxhall-Opel’s UK car plants’, ‘Honda’s new engine plant at Microconcord, Swindon’, ‘a sewage plant’, ‘a wood treatment plant’. ‘ICI’s £100m plant’, ‘the Sellafield nuclear reprocessing plant in Cumbria’
Works an industrial building where materials such as cement, steel, and bricks are produced, or where industrial processes are carried out: ‘The drop in car and van sales has led to redundancies in the country’s steel works.’

BAD: Many industries have been closed because of the recession.
GOOD: Many factories have been closed because of the recession.
BAD: There are car industries all over the place.
GOOD: There are car factories/plants all over the place.

Usage Note:
See Language Note above

BAD: They are demanding that all the nuclear industries are shut down.
GOOD: They are demanding that all the nuclear plants are shut down.

Usage Note:
See Language Note above

BAD: Another thing that education has changed is the industry.
GOOD: Another thing that education has changed is industry.
BAD: The industry as a whole must become more environmentally friendly.
GOOD: Industry as a whole must become more environmentally friendly.

Usage Note:
When industry means all industries seen together as one thing, it is an uncountable noun: 'She can't decide whether she wants a career in banking or in industry.'

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Common Errors

TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 14.0
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TahlilGaran : دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی industry) | علیرضا معتمد , دیکشنری تحلیلگران , وب اپلیکیشن , تحلیلگران , دیکشنری , آنلاین , آیفون , IOS , آموزش مجازی 4.25 : 2179
4.25دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی industry)
دیکشنری تحلیلگران (وب اپلیکیشن، ویژه کاربران آیفون، IOS) | دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی industry) | موسس و مدیر مسئول :