judge ●●●●●
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judge /dʒʌdʒ/ noun [countable]
judge verb (past tense and past participle judged, present participle judging)


حاکم ، خبره ، حکم کردن ، قضاوت کردن ، داوری کردن ، فتوی دادن ، حکم دادن ، تشخیص دادن ، قاضی ، دادرس ، کارشناس ، قانون ـ فقه: قاضی ، فتوی یا حکم دادن دادرسی کردن ، روانشناسی: داوری کردن ، ورزش: قاضی ، علوم نظامی: قضاوت کردن داوری کردن
judge
[noun]
Synonyms:
- referee, adjudicator, arbiter, arbitrator, moderator, umpire
- critic, arbiter, assessor, authority, connoisseur, expert
- magistrate, beak (Brit. slang), justice
[verb]
Synonyms:
- arbitrate, adjudicate, decide, mediate, referee, umpire
- consider, appraise, assess, esteem, estimate, evaluate, rate, value
Related Words: intermediary, mediator, negotiator, conciliator, peacemaker, reconciler, decide, determine, rule, settle, demonstrate, prove, show, check, test, try
English Thesaurus: defendant, the defence, the prosecution, judge, jury, ...

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

I. judge1 S2 W2 /dʒʌdʒ/ noun [countable]
[Word Family: noun: judge, judg(e)ment; verb: judge; adjective: judg(e)mental]
[Date: 1100-1200; Language: Old French; Origin: juge, from Latin judex]

1. the official in control of a court, who decides how criminals should be punished:
The trial judge specifies the number of years to be spent in prison.
federal judge/high court judge etc (=a judge in a particular court)

2. someone who decides on the result of a competition:
The panel of judges included several well-known writers.

3. a good/bad judge of something someone whose opinion on something is usually right or wrong:
Sandra’s a very good judge of character.

4. be the judge (of something) to be the person whose opinion on something matters or is accepted:
No one else can say what its value to you is – only you can be the judge of that.

5. let me be the judge of that spoken used to tell someone angrily that you do not need their advice

6. be judge and jury (also act as judge and jury) to make or have the power to make an important decision affecting someone by yourself – used showing disapproval

7. as sober as a judge someone who is as sober as a judge is not drunk at all

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

II. judge2 S3 W3 verb (past tense and past participle judged, present participle judging)
[Word Family: noun: judge, judg(e)ment; verb: judge; adjective: judg(e)mental]
[Date: 1200-1300; Language: Old French; Origin: jugier, from Latin judicare, from judex; judge1]

1. OPINION [intransitive and transitive] to form or give an opinion about someone or something after thinking carefully about all the information you know about them:
You should never judge a person by their looks.
Judge us on the improvements we make in the economy.
The therapist judged that Margaret had made a serious attempt to kill herself.
pollutants that were judged hazardous to human health
I am in no position to judge whether what she is doing is right or wrong.
The economic results of the reforms are very difficult to judge.
The likelihood of future bombs was impossible to judge.
We judge the success of a product by the number of sales it brings in.
His conduct, judged objectively by what he has done, is dishonest.
Robert wanted to go and help him, but judged it best to stay where he was.
Do not judge her too harshly, as she was very young at the time.

2. judging by/from something used to say that you are making a guess based on what you have just seen, heard, or learned:
Judging by his jovial manner, he must have enjoyed his meal.
Judging from what you say in your letter, you don’t sound well.

3. COMPETITION [intransitive and transitive] to decide on the result of a competition:
I had the difficult task of judging the competition.
judge somebody on something
Competitors will be judged on speed and accuracy.

4. CRITICIZE [intransitive and transitive] to form an opinion about someone, especially in an unfair or criticizing way:
He just accepts people for what they are and he doesn’t judge them.

5. LAW [transitive] to decide whether someone is guilty of a crime in court

6. it’s not for somebody to judge used to say that you do not think someone has the right to give their opinion about something:
Was it the right decision? It’s not for us to judge.

7. as far as I can judge used to say that you think what you are saying is true, but you are not sure

8. don’t judge a book by its cover used to say that you should not form an opinion based only on the way something looks

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

judge
noun
I. applies the law
ADJ. experienced | learned | senior | presiding, trial | deputy | appeal (court), appellate, circuit, county court, district, federal, High Court, Supreme Court
VERB + JUDGE be, sit as By next year you could be sitting as a High Court judge.
appoint (sb as)
JUDGE + VERB preside, sit Which judge will be sitting next week?
call sb The judge called the remaining witness for the Crown.
direct sb The judge must direct the jury on points of law.
consider sth | accept sth, admit sth The judge admitted the notes of the interview as evidence.
dismiss sth, refuse sth, reject sth The trial judge dismissed her compensation claim.
conclude sth, decide sth, find sth, hold sth, rule sth, uphold sth The judge held that the company had been negligent.
sum up The judge summed up and the jury retired to consider its verdict.
sentence sb | order sth The judge ordered the company to pay compensation to the claimant.
award (sb) sth, grant (sb) sth The judge awarded him damages of £20,000.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

judge
II. decides who has won a competition
ADJ. competition | independent
QUANT. panel a panel of independent judges
VERB + JUDGE choose sb/sth, decide sth
PHRASES the judges' decision The judges' decision on the entries is final.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

judge
III. has the ability/knowledge to give an opinion
ADJ. astute, good, great, shrewd You are the best judge of what your body needs. a shrewd judge of character
poor | impartial
PREP. ~ of He is a good judge of footballing talent.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

judge
verb
ADV. correctly, rightly | wrongly I think I judged the distance wrongly.
fairly, properly | harshly I think you're judging her rather harshly.
objectively | beautifully, carefully, finely, nicely, perfectly, well Their performance of the concerto was beautifully judged and finely controlled. ‘There's something I haven't told you.’ She judged her words carefully. The bowler judged it well, timing the ball to perfection.
accordingly Those who preach intolerance should be judged accordingly.
VERB + JUDGE be difficult to, be hard to, be impossible to | be able to, be in a position to I am in no position to judge whether what she is doing is right or wrong.
learn to learning to judge distances
PREP. according to He believed that schools should be judged according to strictly academic criteria.
against judging his own performance against the performance of others
by You will be judged by the work you have produced over the year.
from The age of the furniture can be judged from the type of wood used.
on Your slogan will be judged on its originality and style.
PHRASES criteria for judging People use different criteria for judging success at school.
don't judge a book by its cover (figurative) (= don't judge sth by how it looks), judge by appearances, judging by/from sth He seems to have been a popular person, judging by the number of people at his funeral.
to judge by/from To judge from what she said, she was very disappointed.
judge for youself Readers are left to judge for themselves whether McCrombie is hero or villain.
judge sth on its merits Each painting must be judged on its own merits.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

judge

be difficult/hard to judge
The economic results of the reforms are difficult to judge.
be impossible to judge
How much this affected their children was impossible to judge.
judge something objectively (=by looking at the facts)
His behaviour, judged objectively by what he has done, is dishonest.
judge somebody harshly (=in a severe or unkind way)
Do not judge her too harshly; she was very young at the time.
judge something correctly
It takes a lot of experience to judge correctly what is needed.
judge something a success/failure (=consider it to be a success/failure)
The concert was judged a success.
judge something on its merits (=according to what you see when you look at it, rather than what people tell you)
The arguments should be judged on their merits.
judge something on the basis of something (=by considering something)
It is difficult to judge progress on the basis of a single day.
judge it best/better to do something (=think that something is the best thing to do)
Robert wanted to go and help him, but judged it best to stay where he was.
judge it safe to do something (=consider that it is safe to do something)
He listened for some time before judging it safe to go downstairs.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

judge
verb
1.
BAD: He was judged and sentenced to life imprisonment.
GOOD: He was tried and sentenced to life imprisonment.

Usage Note:
be tried = be judged in a court of law: 'He is being tried for the murder of his wife and her lover.'

2.
BAD: You shouldn't judge people for their appearance.
GOOD: You shouldn't judge people by their appearance.
BAD: What standards should we judge them with?
GOOD: What standards should we judge them by?

Usage Note:
judge sb by a particular measure: 'It's better to judge people by what they do, not just by what they say.'

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Common Errors


TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 14.0
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TahlilGaran : دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی judge) | علیرضا معتمد , دیکشنری تحلیلگران , وب اپلیکیشن , تحلیلگران , دیکشنری , آنلاین , آیفون , IOS , آموزش مجازی 4.73 : 2215
4.73دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی judge)
دیکشنری تحلیلگران (وب اپلیکیشن، ویژه کاربران آیفون، IOS) | دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی judge) | موسس و مدیر مسئول :