name ●●●●●
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name /neɪm/ noun
name verb [transitive]


نام بردن ، اسم ، نام و شهرت ، ابرو ، علامت ، نامیدن ، بنام صداکردن ، نام دادن ، مشهور ، نامدار ، کامپیوتر: نام ، قانون ـ فقه: نام ، ذکر کردن ، بازرگانی: نام
الکترونیک: نام ، کامپیوتر: اسم ، نام ، فقهی: نام ، تجارت خارجی: نام ، اسم ، شهرت ، نامیدن ، نام بردن ، ذکر کردن ، حقوق: نام ، اسم ، نام و شهرت ، ابرو، علامت ، نامیدن ، بنام صداکردن ، نام دادن ، مشهور، نامدار کامپیوتر: individuals ، حوزه اینترنتی وب های شخصی کامپیوتر: نام

[TahlilGaran] Persian Dictionary

name
[noun]
Synonyms:
- title, designation, epithet, handle (slang), moniker or monicker (slang), nickname, sobriquet, term
- fame, distinction, eminence, esteem, honour, note, praise, renown, repute
[verb]
Synonyms:
- call, baptize, christen, dub, entitle, label, style, term
- nominate, appoint, choose, designate, select, specify
Related Idioms: give a handle, pin a moniker on
Related Words: baptismal name, Christian name, font name, forename, personal name, prename, byname, byword, hypocorism, nickname, pet name, sobriquet, epithet, label, tag, alias, incognito, nom de guerre, nom de plume, pen name, pseudonym, ticket, advertise, announce, declare, publish, identify, recognize
English Thesaurus: reputation, image, name, standing, prestige, ...

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

Name noun
a member of Lloyd’s, the international group of insurance underwriters based in London. The Names are wealthy people who accept a financial risk in an insurance contract, and in return for this they usually make large profits. Sometimes they can lose a lot of money when events happen which affect insurance companies, such as serious accidents involving ships or planes, or severe weather conditions that cause a lot of damage.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

I. name1 S1 W1 /neɪm/ noun
[Word Family: verb: name, rename; adjective: named ≠ unnamed, nameless; noun: name; adverb: namely]
[Language: Old English; Origin: nama]

1. OF A PERSON [countable] what someone is called:
Her name is Mandy Wilson.
What’s your last name?
by the name of something (=called something)
He married a young lady by the name of Sarah Hunt.
under the name (of) something (=using a different name from your real name)
HH Munro wrote under the name Saki.

2. OF A THING OR PLACE [countable] what a thing, organization, or place is called
name of
What’s the name of the street?
The name of the company has changed.
name for
Edo was the ancient name for Tokyo.
The flower’s common name (=name that is used by ordinary people, not its scientific name) is forget-me-not.

3. REPUTATION [singular] the opinion that people have about a person or organization Synonym : reputation:
He didn’t want to do anything to damage the good name of the company.
The restaurant got a bad name for slow service.
They give the rest of the fans a bad name.
The company has a name for reliability.
make your name/make a name for yourself (=become famous for something)
He quickly made a name for himself in the Parisian art world.
clear your name (=prove that you did not do something bad or illegal)

4. FAMOUS PERSON/COMPANY/PRODUCT [countable] informal a person, company, or product that is very famous or is known by many people
big/famous/household name
some of the biggest names in show business
It made the company into a household name (=a very well-known person or thing).

5. call somebody names to use unpleasant words to describe someone in order to insult or upset them:
The other kids used to call me names.
call somebody all the names under the sun (=use many unpleasant words)

6. in sb’s name/in the name of somebody
a) if something is in someone’s name, it officially belongs to them or is for them to use:
The house is in my husband’s name.
I’ve booked a table in the name of Steinmann.
b) formal as someone else’s official representative:
I claim this land in the name of the King!

7. something has sb’s name on it something that seems to be appropriate for or deserved by a particular person:
The match has England’s name on it (=they will win it).

8. in the name of religion/freedom/science etc using religion, freedom etc as the reason why something is done – used especially when you disapprove of what someone is doing:
cruel experiments on animals carried out in the name of science
the things people do in the name of love

9. have something to your name informal to have or own something – used to emphasize that someone has very little or a lot of something:
He died without a penny to his name (=very poor).
He didn’t have a qualification to his name.

10. the name of the game informal the most important thing in a particular activity or situation:
Quality, that’s the name of the game.

11. cannot put a name to something spoken used to say that someone is not able to say what something is called:
I know the tune but I can’t put a name to it.

12. take sb’s name in vain to talk about someone without showing respect for them:
How dare you take the Lord’s name in vain (=swear using a word such as ‘God’ or ‘Jesus’)?

13. in name only/alone if a situation exists in name only, it does not really exist even though officially people say it does:
a democracy in name only
He was president in name only.

14. in all/everything but name if something is true in all but name, it is really true, even though people do not officially say that it is true:
She was his wife in all but name.

15. sb’s name is mud informal used to say that people are angry with someone because of something he or she has done – used especially humorously:
If anything goes wrong, your name will be mud.
drag sb’s name through the mud at drag1(10), ⇒ pen name

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

II. name2 S2 W2 verb [transitive]
[Word Family: verb: name, rename; adjective: named ≠ unnamed, nameless; noun: name; adverb: namely]

1. GIVE SOMEBODY A NAME to give someone or something a particular name ⇒ call
name somebody John/Ann etc
We named our daughter Sarah.
name somebody/something after somebody/something (=give someone or something the same name as another person or thing)
He was named after his father.
The street is named after the famous South African leader, Nelson Mandela.
name something for somebody/something American English (=give something the same name as a person or thing)
The college is named for George Washington.
a man/woman etc named something (=someone with a particular name)
some guy named Bob Dylan

REGISTER
In everyday English, people usually say someone or something is called something rather than named something:
He had a friend called Mick.

2. SAY SB’S OR STH’S NAME to say what the name of someone or something is, especially officially:
The two murder victims have yet to be named.
name somebody as something
The woman who was shot has been named as Mary Radcliff.
She has secret information and is threatening to name names (=name the people who were involved in something, especially something bad or illegal).
They’re a lot better than some airlines I could name.
name and shame British English (=say publicly who is responsible for something illegal that has happened, or who has not achieved a particular standard)

3. CHOOSE SOMEBODY to officially choose someone or something, especially for an important job or prize
name somebody/something (as) something
The film was named best foreign film.
Quinn has been named as the new team manager.
name somebody to something American English:
Fitzgerald was named to the committee by the chairman.

4. to name but a few/a handful/three etc used after a short list of things or people to say that there are many more you could mention

5. you name it (they’ve got it)! spoken used after a list of things to mean that there are many more you could mention:
Clothes, books – you name it, they've got it!

6. name the day/date to decide on a date for your wedding

7. name your price spoken to say how much you are willing to pay for something or sell something for

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

name
noun
I. word/words sb/sth is known by
ADJ. Christian, first, given | middle, second | family, last (see also surname) | married | maiden | full His full name was William Augustus Grove.
proper, real | pet She insisted on being called by her full name ‘Clementia’ rather than the pet name ‘Clemmey’. (see also nickname) | assumed, false | official | joint The account is in joint names.
common ‘Smith’ is a very common family name.
double-barrelled, hyphenated | strange-sounding | personal The village of Low Catton takes its name from the Old English personal name ‘Catta’.
pen-, professional, stage George Eliot was a pen-name; her real name was Mary Ann Evans. (see also pseudonym) | brand, proprietary, trade | company | code | file | place, street
VERB + NAME have Have you got a middle name?
bear, carry The Julian calendar was introduced by Julius Caesar and hence carries his name.
be known by, go by The island is more commonly known by the name ‘Krakatoa’. He goes by the name of Jonno.
use She uses a different name in her professional life.
acquire, get, obtain The Brady bill acquired its name from its best-known sponsor, James Brady.
adopt, assume, take He was elected Pope in 1978 and took the name of John Paul II.
keep She decided to keep her maiden name for professional purposes.
abandon | change | carry on He wanted an heir to carry on the family name.
immortalize His name was immortalized in 1992 when he scored three goals in the space of five minutes.
choose, decide on/upon | give sb/sth She was given the name Maria, after her grandmother.
give sb, name, pass on Detectives believe that a hitman was sent to silence the witness before he could name names (= give evidence to the court/police).
call sb/sth by Please call me by my first name.
call sb ~s Stop calling me names (= stop saying rude/insulting things about me)!
call (out) Somebody called out her name from below.
mention We cannot mention the suspect's name for legal reasons.
drop She found him rather irritating to talk to; all he did was drop names (= mention the names of famous people he knew or had met in order to impress her).
invoke He invoked the name of Freud in support of his argument.
ask (sb) I asked him his name.
hear I've heard that name mentioned before.
know How do you know my name?
remember | print, sign, write | spell | enter, put down Have you put your name down for (= applied to take part in) the school quiz?
put forward They put his name forward (= chose him) as one of the five candidates for the post.
NAME + VERB appear The name of the artist appears on the vase.
imply sth, suggest sth As the name implies, Oxford was the place at which oxen could ford the river.
mean sth | ring a bell (figurative) ‘Does that name mean anything to you (= do you recognize it)?’ ‘Yes, it does ring a bell (= it is familiar).’
NAME + NOUN badge, plate
PREP. by ~ The head teacher knows every child in the school by name.
by the ~ of an actor by the name of Tom Rees
in sb/sth's ~ The tickets were booked in the name of McLean. I arrest you in the name (= on the authority) of the law.
under a/the ~ The room was booked under (= using) a false name.
~ for/of The common name for the flower is ‘pineapple lily’.
PHRASES a change of name, give your name to sth The invading Franks gave their name to the country in which they settled.
name and address, names and faces I have a bad memory for names and faces.
put a name to sb/sth Nobody puts their name to a business (= uses their name for the name of a business) they are not proud of.
take sb's name in vain Have you been taking my name in vain (= showing lack of respect when using my name)?

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

name
II. reputation
ADJ. big | good | bad
VERB + NAME have | become She has become a big name in documentary photography.
make He made his name writing travel books. She's made quite a name for herself.
acquire, get The area got a bad name after a series of nasty murders.
protect They tried to protect the good name of the college.
give sb This kind of behaviour gives students a bad name.
blacken, damage The riots after the match only served to blacken the name of football.
PREP. ~ for The company has a name for reliability.
PHRASES sb's name is mud If you tell our secret your name will be mud (= you will not be popular) round here.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

name
III. famous person/thing
ADJ. big, famous, household, well-known They are a big name in the world of rock music.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

name
verb (often be named)
ADV. originally | appropriately, aptly, suitably, well | significantly | correctly, incorrectly The present Kew Bridge was opened by King Edward VII and is correctly named ‘King Edward Bridge’.
curiously, delightfully, exotically, grandly, improbably, oddly, quaintly, romantically, strangely, wonderfully the curiously named Egg Castle
confusingly | euphemistically | ironically
PREP. after I named my son after my father.
for (literary) the dead sister for whom she had been named
in honour of sb/sth The hospital was named in honour of its principal benefactor.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

name

have a name
All their children have French names.
give somebody a name
They gave their children unusual names.
use a name (=tell people that you have a particular name)
She may be using a false name.
take a name (=choose to have a new name)
Are you going to take your husband’s name when you get married?
change your name
Many immigrants changed their names to seem more American.
give (somebody) your name (=tell someone your name, especially someone in an official position)
I gave my name to the receptionist.
know sb’s name
His first name is Tom, but I don’t know his last name.
use sb’s name (=say their name when speaking to them)
I didn’t know him well enough to use his first name.
call sb’s name (=say someone’s name loudly, to get their attention)
He called Jean’s name, but there was no answer.
sign your name
Sign your name here, please.
call somebody by their first/full etc name (=use that name when you speak to them)
Everyone called him by his first name.
go by the name of ... (=be called something by people, often when that is not your real name)
As he had long red hair, he went by the name of Red.
know somebody by name (=know their name)
The headteacher knew all the children by name.
greet somebody by name (=use someone’s name when you see them)
The waiter greeted him by name.
a good name
The company wants to maintain its good name.
a bad name
Most students feel that both boys and girls deserve a bad name if they sleep around.
have a name (for something)
They have a name for good quality food.
make your name (also make a name for yourself) (=become famous for something)
He made a name for himself as a conductor of the Berlin Orchestra.
clear your name (=prove that you have not done something bad or illegal)
She was determined to clear her name.
give somebody/something a bad name (=make someone or something have a bad reputation)
A scandal like this could give the university a bad name.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

name
verb
1.
BAD: This beautiful village is named 'Cadaques'.
GOOD: This beautiful village is called 'Cadaques'.
BAD: I stayed in and watched a film named 'The Clockwork Orange'.
GOOD: I stayed in and watched a film called 'The Clockwork Orange'.
BAD: What we used to name 'the Cold War' is now over.
GOOD: What we used to call 'the Cold War' is now over.

Usage Note:
When you mention the name by which someone or something is known, use call/be called (NOT name/be named ): 'Most people call him Bob but he prefers to be called Robert.'
Compare: 'They've named/called the baby Louise.' (= the name they have chosen for the baby is Louise)

2.
BAD: They named their children from their grandparents.
GOOD: They named their children after their grandparents.

Usage Note:
name a child after sb : 'We've decided to name her Sarah, after her grandmother.'
In American English name a child for sb is also possible, although not very common.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Common Errors

name
neɪm
See: call names , handle to one's name , in name , take one's name in vain , to one's name

[TahlilGaran] English Idioms Dictionary


TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 14.0
All rights reserved, Copyright © ALi R. Motamed 2001-2020.

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