spread ●●●●●
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spread /spred/ verb (past tense and past participle spread)
spread noun

منتشر کردن یا شدن ، منتشر کردن ، فاصله زیاد بین مدافعان ، توسعه دادن ، پخش شدن ، پخش کردن ، گستردن ، فرش کردن ، گسترش یافتن ، منتشر شدن ، بسط وتوسعه یافتن ، گسترش ، وسعت ، شیوع ، پهن کردن ، پهن شدن ، علوم مهندسی: پهن کردن ، قانون ـ فقه: انتشار ، زیست شناسی: گسترش ، بازرگانی: نشر ، ورزش: عرض شاخهای گوزن ، علوم نظامی: اتش درو در عرض یا عمق

: spread (to)

پهن کردن ، گستردن ، معماری: پخش کردن
مهندسی صنایع: پراکندگی ، گسترش ، وسعت
گستردن ، پراکنده ساختن کامپیوتر: پراکندگی

[TahlilGaran] Persian Dictionary

- open (out), broaden, dilate, expand, extend, sprawl, stretch, unfold, unroll, widen
- proliferate, escalate, multiply
- circulate, broadcast, disseminate, make known, propagate
- increase, advance, development, dispersal, dissemination, expansion, proliferation
- extent, span, stretch, sweep
Contrasted words: hold (in), contain, compress, fold, close
Related Idioms: spread abroad (or far and wide)
Related Words: deal, dispense, broadcast, communicate, pass (on), transmit, dissipate, scatter, sow, peddle, push, retail, diffusion, profusion, stretch, sweep
English Thesaurus: farm, ranch, smallholding, plantation, homestead, ...

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

I. spread1 S2 W2 /spred/ verb (past tense and past participle spread)
[Language: Old English; Origin: sprædan]

1. AFFECT MORE PEOPLE/PLACES [intransitive and transitive] if something spreads or is spread, it becomes larger or moves so that it affects more people or a larger area
spread through
Fire quickly spread through the building.
spread over
He watched the dark stain spread over the gray carpet.
spread among
The disease spread rapidly amongst the poor.
spread (from something) to something
The cancer had spread to her liver.
Revolution quickly spread from France to Italy.

a) [intransitive] to become known about or used by more and more people:
News of the explosion spread swiftly.
spread to/through/over etc
Buddhism spread to China from India.
The news spread like wildfire (=very quickly).
Word spread quickly that she was leaving.
b) [transitive] to tell a lot of people about something:
Andy loves spreading rumours about his colleagues.
They are spreading the word about the benefits of immunization.

3. OPEN/ARRANGE (also spread out) [transitive] to open something out or arrange a group of things so that they cover a flat surface
spread something over/across/on something
Papers and photos were spread across the floor.
He spread the map out on the desk.
a table spread with a white cloth

4. THROUGHOUT AN AREA [intransitive] (also be spread, spread out) to cover or exist across a large area
spread over
the forest that spread over the whole of that region
spread throughout
The company has more than 2,500 shops spread throughout the UK.

5. SOFT SUBSTANCE [intransitive and transitive] to put a soft substance over a surface, or to be soft enough to be put over a surface
spread something on/over something
He spread plaster on the walls.
spread something with something
Spread the toast thinly with jam.
If you warm up the butter, it’ll spread more easily.
Spread the nut mixture evenly over the bottom.

6. ARMS/FINGERS ETC [transitive] if you spread your arms, fingers, or legs, you move them far apart:
He shrugged and spread his hands.

7. OVER TIME [transitive] (also spread out) to do something over a period of time, rather than at one time
spread something over something
Could I spread the repayments over a longer period?
There will be 12 concerts spread throughout the summer.

8. SHARE [transitive] to share or divide something among several people or things
spread the load/burden
The bills are sent out on different dates to spread the workload on council staff.
They want the country’s wealth to be more evenly spread.

9. SMILE/LOOK [intransitive always + adverb/preposition] if an expression spreads over someone’s face, it slowly appears on their face
spread over/across
A slow smile spread over her face.

10. spread your wings
a) to start to have an independent life and experience new things:
A year spent studying abroad should allow him to spread his wings a bit.
b) if a bird or insect spreads its wings, it stretches them wide

a) be spread (too) thin/thinly if money, effort etc is spread thin, it is being used for many things so there is not enough for each thing:
They complained that resources were spread too thinly.
b) spread yourself too thin to try to do too many things at the same time so that you do not do any of them effectively

12. spread seeds/manure/fertilizer to scatter seeds, manure etc on the ground
spread your net wide at net1(8)

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

II. spread2 noun

1. INCREASE [singular] when something affects or is known about by more people or involves a larger area ⇒ increase
spread of
an attempt to stop the spread of nuclear weapons
the rapid spread of cholera in Latin America

2. SOFT FOOD [uncountable and countable]
a) a soft substance made from vegetable oil that is used like butter:
one slice of toast with a low-fat spread
b) a soft food which you spread on bread
cheese/chocolate etc spread

3. RANGE [singular] a range of people or things
wide/broad/good spread of something
We have a good spread of ages in the department.
a broad spread of investments

4. AREA [singular] the total area in which something exists:
the geographical spread of the company’s hotels

5. double-page spread/centre spread a special article or advertisement in a newspaper or magazine, which covers two pages or covers the centre pages:
There’s a double-page spread in Sunday’s paper.

6. LARGE MEAL [singular] informal a large meal for several guests on a special occasion:
Tom’s mum laid on a huge spread.

7. HAND/WINGS [uncountable] the area covered when the fingers of a hand, or a bird’s wings, are fully stretched

8. BED COVER [countable] a bedspread

9. MONEY [countable] technical the difference between the prices at which something is bought and sold, or the interest rates for lending and borrowing money
spread between
the spread between the city banks’ loan rates and deposit rates

10. SPORT [singular] American English the number of points between the scores of two opposing teams:
a four-point spread

11. spread of land/water an area of land or water

12. FARM [countable] American English a large farm or ranch
middle-aged spread at middle-aged(3)

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

ADJ. good, great, wide | rapid | gradual, slow | geographical, global The current survey will have a wider geographical spread.
VERB + SPREAD encourage Such unhygienic conditions encourage the spread of disease.
halt, prevent, stop | control, limit, reduce
PREP. ~ of the spread of fire

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

I. open sth so that you can see all of it
ADV. carefully | out We spread the rug out on the floor.
PREP. across, on, over
PHRASES spread sth open He had a newspaper spread open on his knee.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

II. reach more people/wider area
ADV. fast, like wildfire, quickly, rapidly, soon The news spread like wildfire.
gradually, slowly | easily The disease spreads easily.
widely Allow plenty of space for this plant as its roots spread widely.
far and wide His fame had spread far and wide.
geographically Friends may be spread geographically. Neighbours, by definition, are nearby.
PREP. across, among, around/round, beyond, from, into, over, through, throughout, to The effects of this policy spread far beyond children now at school. The fire rapidly spread to adjoining buildings.
PHRASES thinly spread Expertise in this field is very thinly spread across the country.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

III. cover a surface with a soft substance
ADV. generously, liberally, thickly | lightly, thinly | evenly Don't make the paste too thick, or it will not spread evenly.
PREP. on He spread jam on the toast.
with Spread each slice generously with butter.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

IV. divide/share sth
ADV. equally, evenly, uniformly | unevenly
VERB + SPREAD try to
PREP. among, between We tried to spread the workload evenly between the departments.
over The course takes forty hours, spread over twenty weeks.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary


a disease spreads/is spread (=among a group of people)
The disease is spread by mosquitoes.
a cancer/infection spreads (=in someone’s body)
The cancer had spread to his brain.
news/word spreads
As news of his death spread, his army disintegrated.
spread the news/the word
He has been spreading the word about ways to beat heart disease.
spread a story (also spread a rumour British English, spread a rumor American English)
When Brown’s hotel burned down, Clark spread the rumor that Forsyth was to blame.
a story spreads (also a rumour spreads British English, a rumor spreads American English)
It was the sort of story that would spread like wildfire.
spread lies/gossip
How dare you spread such vicious lies!
Has someone been spreading malicious gossip?
spread terror/panic
The murders were clearly intended to spread terror.
fire spreads (also flames spread)
The fire had spread to a nearby shed.
violence/fighting spreads
There is no indication that the violence is likely to spread.
sb’s fame/reputation spreads
Their musical fame has spread far beyond their native country.
spread rapidly/quickly
The fire spread rapidly, consuming many of the houses.
spread like wildfire (=spread extremely quickly)
The news spread like wildfire through the town.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

BAD: Rumours spread out very quickly.
GOOD: Rumours spread very quickly.
BAD: The computer mania is still spreading out.
GOOD: The computer mania is still spreading.

Usage Note:
When you mean 'grow, develop or become increasingly common' use spread (WITHOUT out ): 'They couldn't stop the fire from spreading.' 'Dissatisfaction with the present government seems to be spreading.'
Compare: 'The search party spread out across the field.' 'Her clothes were all spread out on the bed, ready to be packed.'

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Common Errors

TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 14.0
All rights reserved, Copyright © ALi R. Motamed 2001-2020.

TahlilGaran : دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی spread) | علیرضا معتمد , دیکشنری تحلیلگران , وب اپلیکیشن , تحلیلگران , دیکشنری , آنلاین , آیفون , IOS , آموزش مجازی 4.30 : 2169
4.30دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی spread)
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