stiff ●●●●●
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Oxford 3000 vocabularySPEAKING vocabularyCOLLOCATION

stiff /stɪf/ adjective (comparative stiffer, superlative stiffest)

سیخ ، مستقیم ، چوب شده ، مغلق ، سفت کردن ، شق کردن ، علوم مهندسی: خشک ، ورزش: مسیر مقاوم در مقابل گوی بولینگ ثبات داشتن قایق در مقابل باد
- inflexible, firm, hard, inelastic, rigid, solid, taut, tense, tight, unbending, unyielding
- awkward, clumsy, graceless, inelegant, jerky (informal), ungainly, ungraceful
- difficult, arduous, exacting, hard, tough
- severe, drastic, extreme, hard, harsh, heavy, strict
- unrelaxed, constrained, forced, formal, stilted, unnatural
Antonyms: flexible, flexile
Contrasted words: soft, softened, yielding, bendable, pliable, pliant, limber, supple, willowy, expressive, graphic, vivid, easy, fluent, graceful, smooth
Related Idioms: stiff as a board (or poker)
Related Words: stiffish, hard, resistant, hardened, petrified, stark, rigid, set, studied, machine-made, mechanical, stereotyped, stock, arid, dry, dull
English Thesaurus: hard, firm, stiff, solid, rigid, ...

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

I. stiff1 S3 /stɪf/ adjective (comparative stiffer, superlative stiffest)
[Word Family: noun: stiffness, stiff; adverb: stiff, stiffly; verb: stiffen; adjective: stiff]
[Language: Old English; Origin: stif]

1. BODY if someone or a part of their body is stiff, their muscles hurt and it is difficult for them to move
stiff from doing something
Her legs were stiff from kneeling.
stiff with
Her fingers were stiff with cold.
stiff neck/back/joint etc
Alastair woke with a stiff neck.
I never felt stiff after training until I was in my thirties.
The next morning I was as stiff as a board (=very stiff).

2. MATERIAL/SUBSTANCE firm, hard, or difficult to bend:
a shirt with a stiff collar

3. MIXTURE a stiff mixture is thick and almost solid, so that it is not easy to mix:
Beat the egg whites until stiff.
a stiff dough

4. DIFFICULT difficult to do or deal with:
a stiff test
stiff competition/opposition
Graduates face stiff competition in getting jobs.

5. SEVERE a stiff punishment is great or severe
stiff sentence/penalty/fine
calls for stiffer penalties for rapists

6. DOOR/DRAWER ETC British English difficult to move, turn, or open:
Pull hard – that drawer’s very stiff.

7. UNFRIENDLY if someone’s behaviour is stiff, they behave in a very formal or unfriendly way:
Their goodbyes were stiff and formal.
Parsons gave a stiff performance in the main role.

8. PRICE a stiff price etc is high, especially higher than the price etc of similar things:
a stiff tax on cigarettes

9. stiff wind/breeze a fairly strong wind etc

10. stiff drink/whisky etc a very strong alcoholic drink

11. stiff upper lip the ability to stay calm and not show your feelings in a difficult or upsetting situation:
Men were taught to keep a stiff upper lip.
—stiffly adverb
—stiffness noun [uncountable]

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

II. stiff2 adverb
[Word Family: noun: stiffness, stiff; adverb: stiff, stiffly; verb: stiffen; adjective: stiff]

1. bored/scared/worried stiff informal extremely bored, frightened, or worried:
As a child, I was scared stiff of going down to the cellar.

2. frozen stiff
a) extremely cold:
Goodness, your hands are frozen stiff!
b) cloth that is frozen stiff is hard because the water in it has frozen

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

III. stiff3 noun [countable] informal
[Word Family: noun: stiffness, stiff; adverb: stiff, stiffly; verb: stiffen; adjective: stiff]

1. the body of a dead person

2. working stiff American English an ordinary person who works to earn enough money to live

3. someone who you think is old-fashioned and too formal:
His business tactics outraged the stiffs of the UK establishment.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

IV. stiff4 verb informal

1. [transitive] American English to cheat someone by not paying them, especially by not leaving a tip in a restaurant:
I can’t believe that couple stiffed me!

2. [intransitive] if a new product, film, show etc stiffs, it does not sell well or fails completely Synonym : bomb:
They had a hit in the 1990s, but their subsequent releases stiffed.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

I. difficult to bend/move
VERBS be, feel, lie, look, sit, stand She lay stiff and still beside him.
become, get, go My trousers were getting stiff with mud. My fingers had gone stiff with cold.
ADV. very | a bit, fairly, quite, rather
PREP. with The clothes were stiff with dust and grease.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

II. having sore muscles
VERBS be, feel He felt stiff all over.
become, get, go You'll get stiff if you don't have a hot bath.
leave sb, make sb All that digging made me really stiff.
ADV. really, very | all My arm's gone all stiff.
a bit, a little, rather
PREP. from stiff from kneeling

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

III. strong/severe
VERBS be, seem Their punishment seemed rather stiff.
ADV. very in the face of some very stiff competition
a bit, fairly, quite, rather

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

IV. not friendly or relaxed
VERBS be, look, seem, sound She was aware that her words sounded stiff.
ADV. very | a bit, a little, rather, slightly, somewhat His manner seemed rather stiff and impersonal.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

See: keep a stiff upper lip , scare out of one's wits or scare stiff

[TahlilGaran] English Idioms Dictionary

TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 14.0
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TahlilGaran : دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی stiff) | علیرضا معتمد , دیکشنری تحلیلگران , وب اپلیکیشن , تحلیلگران , دیکشنری , آنلاین , آیفون , IOS , آموزش مجازی 4.22 : 2167
4.22دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی stiff)
دیکشنری تحلیلگران (وب اپلیکیشن، ویژه کاربران آیفون، IOS) | دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی stiff) | موسس و مدیر مسئول :