surprise ●●●●●
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surprise /səˈpraɪz $ sər-/ noun
surprise verb [transitive]

غافلگیری ، غافلگیر شدن ، (surprize) تعجب ، شگفت ، حیرت ، متعجب ساختن ، غافلگیر کردن ، روانشناسی: شگفتی ، علوم نظامی: متعجب کردن
کامپیوتر: غافل گیر

[TahlilGaran] Persian Dictionary

- shock, bombshell, eye-opener (informal), jolt, revelation
- amazement, astonishment, incredulity, wonder
- amaze, astonish, stagger, stun, take aback
- catch unawares or off-guard, discover, spring upon, startle
Related Idioms: leave open-mouthed (or aghast), take aback (or by surprise)
Related Words: bushwhack, dry-gulch, capture, catch, grab, grasp, seize, take, startle, bewilder, confound, discomfit, disconcert, dismay, nonplus, swan, faze, rattle, rock, bowl (over), floor, stagger, stun, stupefy
English Thesaurus: surprise, amaze, astonish, astound, take somebody by surprise, ...

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

I. surprise1 S3 W2 /səˈpraɪz $ sər-/ noun
[Word Family: adjective: surprised, surprisingunsurprising; verb: surprise; noun: surprise; adverb: surprisinglyunsurprisingly]
[Date: 1400-1500; Language: Old French; Origin: past participle of surprendre 'to take over, surprise', from sur- (surcharge) + prendre 'to take']

1. EVENT [countable] an unexpected or unusual event ⇒ shock:
What a surprise to find you here!
We had a big surprise when we found out the truth.

2. FEELING [uncountable and countable] the feeling you have when something unexpected or unusual happens ⇒ shock:
The man had a look of surprise on his face.
in/with surprise
Bill looked at him in surprise.
to sb’s surprise (=in a way that surprises someone)
Much to his surprise, she gave him her phone number.

3. take/catch somebody by surprise to happen unexpectedly:
The question took her by surprise.

4. take somebody/something by surprise to suddenly attack a place or an opponent when they are not ready:
The guerrillas were killed when army troops took them by surprise.

5. GIFT/PARTY ETC [countable usually singular] an unexpected present, trip etc which you give to someone or organize for them, often on a special occasion
surprise for
‘I’ve got a surprise for you,’ she said.

6. surprise guest/visitor etc someone who arrives somewhere unexpectedly

7. surprise! spoken used when you are just about to show someone something that you know will surprise them

a) surprise, surprise used when saying in a joking way that you expected something to happen or be true:
The American TV networks are, surprise, surprise, full of stories about the election.
b) British English spoken used when you suddenly appear in front of someone who you know is not expecting to see you

9. METHOD [uncountable] the use of methods which are intended to cause surprise:
An element of surprise is important to any attack.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

II. surprise2 verb [transitive]
[Word Family: adjective: surprised, surprisingunsurprising; verb: surprise; noun: surprise; adverb: surprisinglyunsurprisingly]

1. to make someone feel surprised ⇒ shock:
His strange question surprised her.
it surprises somebody to see/find/know etc
It had surprised me to find how fussy he was about some things.
I didn’t know you two knew each other. Mind you, it doesn’t surprise me.
What surprised me most was that she didn’t seem to care.
it surprises somebody (that)
Looking back, does it surprise you that she left?
It wouldn’t surprise me if he married Jo.

2. to find, catch, or attack someone when they are not expecting it, especially when they are doing something they should not be doing:
A security guard surprised the burglars in the storeroom.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

I. feeling of surprise
ADJ. great, utter | mild, some | initial After the initial surprise I got to like the place.
mock His eyebrows rose in mock surprise.
QUANT. element The Egyptian team relied on the element of surprise to defeat their stronger opponents.
VERB + SURPRISE express, register, show | feign He feigned surprise when I went up and said hello.
hide She was quick to hide her surprise.
cause The president's remarks caused surprise and embarrassment.
PREP. in ~ ‘Walk twenty miles!’ repeated the old man in surprise.
to your ~ Much to her surprise she enjoyed the party.
with/without ~ It was with some surprise that I read of his resignation.
~ at She showed no surprise at the news.
PHRASES an expression/a look of surprise, a gasp/scream/shriek, etc. of surprise

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

II. sth that you did not expect
ADJ. big, complete, great, major, total | lovely, nice, pleasant, wonderful
VERB + SURPRISE come as | get, have I had a lovely surprise when I saw Mark there.
spring Johnson sprung a surprise by beating the favourite in the first round.
be in for Your mother's in for a bit of a surprise when she gets home.
catch sb by, take sb by The storm took us completely by surprise.
SURPRISE + NOUN announcement, attack, party, victory, visit
PREP. ~ for It was a complete surprise for me.
~ to His refusal came as no surprise to his boss.
PHRASES a bit of a/quite a surprise

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

ADV. greatly, really | not at all The outcome did not surprise me at all.
hardly | a little, slightly
VERB + SURPRISE wouldn't It wouldn't surprise me if they announced they were going to get married.
seem to | want to They wanted to surprise their mother and get the breakfast ready.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary


be a surprise
His decision to marry was a complete surprise.
come as a surprise (=be surprising)
The announcement came as a surprise to most people.
get/have a surprise
We got a surprise when we got home and found him waiting for us.
give somebody a surprise
She wanted to give him a surprise.
have a surprise for somebody (=be planning to give someone a surprise)
I think Jenny might have a surprise for you.
spring a surprise (on somebody) (=give someone a surprise)
The chairman sprang a surprise this week by announcing his intention to quit.
a big/great surprise
The results were a big surprise.
a complete/total surprise
The news came as a complete surprise.
a nice/pleasant/lovely surprise
It’s a lovely surprise to see you.
an unpleasant/nasty surprise
We don’t want any unpleasant surprises.
come as no surprise (=not be surprising )
It came as no surprise when Lester got the job.
be in for a surprise (=be going to have a surprise)
Compare our prices. You’ll be in for a pleasant surprise.
there’s a surprise in store (for somebody) (=something unexpected is going to happen)
There were plenty more surprises in store for him.
a surprise visit
Environmental health inspectors made a surprise visit to the restaurant.
a surprise party
His friends had planned a surprise party for him.
a surprise announcement
In a surprise announcement the company said they were withdrawing their planning application.
a surprise victory
She came to power in 1977, after a surprise victory in the general election.
a surprise attack
Instead they launched a successful surprise attack on the castle.
a surprise move (=an unexpected action)
In a surprise move, the government lifted the ban on arms exports to the country.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

See: take by surprise

[TahlilGaran] English Idioms Dictionary

TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 14.0
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TahlilGaran : دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی surprise) | علیرضا معتمد , دیکشنری تحلیلگران , وب اپلیکیشن , تحلیلگران , دیکشنری , آنلاین , آیفون , IOS , آموزش مجازی 4.38 : 2167
4.38دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی surprise)
دیکشنری تحلیلگران (وب اپلیکیشن، ویژه کاربران آیفون، IOS) | دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی surprise) | موسس و مدیر مسئول :