tough ●●●●●
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tough /tʌf/ adjective (comparative tougher, superlative toughest)


پی مانند ، سفت ، محکم ، شق ، با اسطقس ، خشن ، شدید ، زمخت ، بادوام ، سخت ، دشوار ، علوم مهندسی: چسبنده ، علوم هوایی: بادوام
tough
[adjective]
Synonyms:
- resilient, durable, hard, inflexible, leathery, resistant, rugged, solid, strong, sturdy
- strong, hardy, seasoned, stout, strapping, sturdy, vigorous
- rough, hard-bitten, pugnacious, ruthless, violent
- strict, firm, hard, merciless, resolute, severe, stern, unbending
- difficult, arduous, exacting, hard, laborious, strenuous, troublesome, uphill
- unlucky, lamentable, regrettable, unfortunate
[noun]
Synonyms:
- ruffian, bruiser (informal), bully, hooligan, roughneck (slang), thug
Antonyms: fragile, soft, weak
Contrasted words: breakable, brittle, yielding, liberal, relaxed, compromising, flexible, laissez-faire, delicate, fragile, frail, tender, half-hardy, puny, weakened, orderly, quiet, safe
Related Idioms: tough as leather (or nails)
Related Words: flinty, hard, unyielding, resistant, unbreakable, withstanding, stiff, taut, fixed, confirmed, hard-shell, narrow, rigid, arbitrary, immutable, unalterable, hard-boiled, hardened, obdurate, harsh, procrustean, rigorous, severe, strict, drastic, conditioned, hard-bitten, seasoned, steeled, fit, healthy, lusty, robust, vigorous, stalwart, strong, sturdy, hardfisted, hardhanded, hardheaded, tough-minded, disorderly, rowdy, dangerous, unsafe, ghetto, inner-city, underprivileged, goon, hood, hoodlum, hooligan
English Thesaurus: determined, stubborn, single-minded, tough, firm, ...

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

I. tough1 S2 W2 /tʌf/ adjective (comparative tougher, superlative toughest)
[Word Family: adverb: toughly, tough, toughly; verb: toughen; noun: toughness; adjective: tough]
[Language: Old English; Origin: toh]

1. DIFFICULT difficult to do or deal with:
It was a tough race.
She’s had a tough life.
The company admitted that it had been a tough year.
Tough decisions will have to be made.
The reporters were asking a lot of tough questions.
have a tough time (of it) (=face a lot of difficult problems)
The family has had a tough time of it these last few months.
it’s tough doing something
It’s tough being married to a cop.
be tough on somebody (=cause problems for someone or make their life difficult)
Having to stay indoors all day is tough on a kid.
It was a tough call (=a difficult decision), but we had to cancel the game because of the weather.
I find his books pretty tough going (=difficult to read).
Gage predicted the president’s proposal would be a tough sell (=something that is difficult to persuade someone about) before Congress. American English
when the going gets tough (the tough get going) informal (=used to say that when a situation becomes difficult, strong people take the necessary action to deal with it)

2. STRONG PERSON physically or emotionally strong and able to deal with difficult situations:
The men who work on the oil rigs are a tough bunch.
tough cookie/customer informal (=someone who is very determined to do what they want and not what other people want)
as tough as nails/as tough as old boots (=very tough)
He’s as tough as nails – a good man to have on the team.

3. STRONG MATERIAL not easily broken or made weaker:
tough, durable plastic
a very tough, hard-wearing cloth

4. STRICT/FIRM very strict or firm
tough on/with
My mother was very tough on my sister.
It’s time to get tough with drunk drivers.
The EU is taking a tough line with the UK over this issue.

5. VIOLENT AREA a tough part of a town has a lot of crime or violence
tough neighborhood/area/part of town etc
a tough area of Chicago

6. tough!/that’s tough! spoken used when you do not have any sympathy with someone:
‘I’m getting wet.’ ‘Tough! You should’ve brought your umbrella.’
She didn’t tell us she was coming, so if this screws up her plans that’s just tough.

7. tough luck! spoken
a) used when you do not have any sympathy for someone’s problems:
Well, that’s just their tough luck! It was their mistake.
b) British English used when you feel sympathy about something bad that has happened to someone:
You didn’t get the job? Oh, tough luck!

8. tough shit! spoken not polite used when you do not have any sympathy for someone’s problems

9. VIOLENT PERSON likely to behave violently and having no gentle qualities:
one of football’s most notorious tough guys
tough young thugs looking for trouble

10. FOOD difficult to cut or eat Antonym : tender:
The meat was tough and hard to chew.
the tough outer leaves of the cabbage

11. tough love a way of helping someone to change their behaviour by treating them in a kind but strict way
—toughly adverb
—toughness noun [uncountable]

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

II. tough2 verb
tough something ↔ out phrasal verb
to deal with a difficult situation by being determined, rather than leaving or changing your decision:
She told herself to be brave and tough it out.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

III. tough3 noun [countable]
old-fashioned someone who often behaves in a violent way

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

IV. tough4 adverb
[Word Family: adverb: toughly, tough, toughly; verb: toughen; noun: toughness; adjective: tough]
in a way that shows you are very determined:
Washington played tough in the second half of the game.
You’re talking tough now but you wait until you get into the interview.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

tough
adj.
I. difficult/unpleasant
VERBS be, seem | get
ADV. extremely, particularly, really, very | a bit, fairly, a little, pretty, quite Things were pretty tough at first.
PREP. on It's very tough on the wives when the husbands go off like that.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

tough
II. strict/firm
VERBS be | become, get
ADV. extremely, particularly, very | fairly, pretty, quite | enough Has the government been tough enough on polluters?
PREP. on The government has promised to get tough on crime.
with You have to be tough with these young thugs.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

tough
III. strong
VERBS be, feel, look, seem | become, get, grow | act, talk (both informal) Then this guy started acting tough.
ADV. incredibly, really, remarkably, very | pretty, quite, reasonably | enough Are you sure you're physically tough enough for this job?
mentally, physically

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary


TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 14.0
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