crime ●●●●●
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crime /kraɪm/ noun


تبهکاری ، جنایت ، گناه ، جرم ، تقصیر ، تبه کاری ، بزه ، قانون ـ فقه: جرم ، گناه کردن ، روانشناسی: بزه
crime
(Informal)
[noun]
Synonyms:
- offence, felony, misdeed, misdemeanour, transgression, trespass, unlawful act, violation
- lawbreaking, corruption, illegality, misconduct, vice, wrongdoing
Related Words: criminality, illegality, lawlessness, delict, delictum, breach, break, infringement, transgression, violation, wrong, wrongdoing, felony
English Thesaurus: crime, offence, misdemeanor, felony, robbery, ...

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

crime S2 W2 /kraɪm/ noun
[Word Family: noun: crime, criminal, criminologist, criminology; verb: incriminate, criminalizedecriminalize; adjective: criminal, incriminating; adverb: criminally]
[Date: 1200-1300; Language: Latin; Origin: crimen 'judgment, accusation, crime']

1. [uncountable] illegal activities in general:
We moved here because there was very little crime.
Police officers are being given new powers to help combat crime.
a police crackdown on car crime
a town with a relatively low crime rate

2. [countable] an illegal action, which can be punished by law:
He insisted that he had not committed any crime.
men who have been found guilty of violent crimes
crime against
Crimes against the elderly are becoming more common.
Police are still busy hunting for clues at the scene of the crime (=where the crime happened).

3. a life of crime when someone spends their life stealing and committing crimes, in order to get money to live

4. the perfect crime a crime that no one knows has been committed, so no one can be punished for it

5. crime of passion a crime, especially murder, caused by sexual jealousy

6. crime against humanity a crime of cruelty against large numbers of people, especially in a war

7. crime doesn’t pay used to say that crime does not give you any advantage, because you will be caught and punished – used when warning people not to get involved in crime

8. [singular] something that someone is blamed or criticized for doing – use this when you think someone is treated very unfairly ⇒ sin:
My only crime is that I fell in love with another girl.
Johnson’s biggest crime was that he told the truth.

9. it’s a crime spoken said when you think something is very wrong, and someone should not do it:
It would be a crime to waste all that good food.partners in crime at partner1(5), ⇒ white-collar(2)

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

crime
noun
I. illegal act
ADJ. appalling, awful, barbaric, barbarous, bloody, brutal, despicable, dreadful, grave, great, heinous, horrible, horrific, serious, terrible, vicious one of the most horrific crimes of recent times (figurative) Not returning phone calls is a grave crime in today's culture.
big, major the biggest crime since the Great Train Robbery
lesser, minor, petty He was charged with the lesser crime of possessing a forged bond, rather than actually forging it.
real She claimed that the real crime is that burglars and muggers usually get a light sentence.
violent | non-violent | perfect He boasted of having carried out the perfect crime.
notorious one of the most notorious crimes in British history
capital (= for which the penalty is death) After the reforms the only capital crimes were treason and murder.
indictable | alleged She never faced trial for her many alleged crimes.
unsolved | copycat the danger of copycat crimes in the wake of the shootings
motiveless an apparently motiveless crime
victimless Insider dealing has been called a victimless crime.
white-collar | drug-related | sex/sexual | war | political | terrorist
VERB + CRIME carry out, commit | report Many crimes are never reported to the police.
CRIME + VERB involve sth crimes involving firearms
be punishable by sth crimes punishable by death
PREP. ~ against crimes against humanity
PHRASES a crime of passion/violence, the scene of the crime No weapon was found at the scene of the crime.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

crime
II. illegal activity in general
ADJ. serious | petty | violent | non-violent | recorded | unrecorded | growing, mounting, rising | drug-related | middle-class, working-class, etc. | white-collar Corporate crime?committed by businesses?should not be confused with white-collar crime, which refers to the occupation of the perpetrator and may be directed against a business.
business, corporate | organized | juvenile, youth | international, local, regional | rural, urban | car, computer, property, street attempts to prevent hacking and computer crime
sex/sexual
VERB + CRIME carry out, commit | combat, fight, tackle | beat, crack (informal) Police forces will exchange ideas on cracking crime.
deter, prevent, stop | control, cut, reduce | detect, investigate The public have a crucial role to play in detecting crime.
solve | punish | cause | be driven to, turn to He says that bored youngsters turn to crime.
CRIME + VERB double, increase, rise
CRIME + NOUN figures, level, rate, statistics | control, prevention | problem, wave the country's crime problem
squad a senior detective with the serious crime squad
syndicate leading members of an organized crime syndicate
fiction, novel, series, story the latest TV crime series
reporter, writer the newspaper's crime reporter a new short story by the popular crime writer
PHRASES a crackdown on crime a crackdown on drug-related crime
crime and disorder, crime and punishment, fear of crime Fear of crime imprisons many elderly people in their homes.
an increase in crime, a life of crime Unemployed young people were likely to be tempted into a life of crime.
sb's partner in crime, a victim of crime Victims of crime may be able to obtain compensation.
NOTE
crimes
be guilty of, commit ~
   Two key witnesses at her trial committed perjury.
accuse sb of, charge sb with ~
   He has been accused of her murder.
convict sb of, find sb guilty of ~
   She was found guilty of high treason.
acquit sb of ~
   The engineer responsible for the collapse of the bridge was acquitted of manslaughter.
admit, confess to, deny ~
   All three men have denied assault.
   She admitted 33 assault charges.

plead guilty/not guilty to ~
   He pleaded guilty to a charge of gross indecency.
investigate (sb for) ~
   She is being investigated for suspected bribery.
be suspected for/of ~
   He was the least likely to be suspected of her murder.
be/come under investigation for ~
   She was the second minister to come under investigation for corruption.
be wanted for ~ be wanted on charges of ~
   He was wanted on charges of espionage.
solve a case, crime, murder, robbery, theft
   The police and the public must work together to solve the murder.
arrest sb for ~
   Jean was arrested for arson.
be tried for, stand trial for ~
   to stand trial for extortion
~ case/trial
   The nurse's murder trial continues.
~ charge
   The police agreed to drop the conspiracy charges against him.
a charge/count of ~
   The jury convicted her on two counts of theft.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

crime

commit (a) crime
Most crime is committed by young men.
carry out a crime
The boy admitted that he’d carried out the crime.
fight/combat/tackle crime
There are a number of ways in which the public can help the police to fight crime.
beat crime
new measures to beat car crime
turn to crime (=start committing crimes)
Youngsters who are bored sometimes turn to crime.
solve a crime
It took ten years for the police to solve the crime.
report a crime
I immediately telephoned the police to report the crime.
(a) serious crime
Kidnapping is a very serious crime.
(a) violent crime
Figures show a 19% rise in violent crime.
a terrible/horrific crime (also a dreadful crime British English)
What made him commit such a terrible crime?
petty crime (=crime that is not very serious)
Immigrants were blamed for the increase in petty crime.
juvenile/youth crime (=committed by children and teenagers)
Police blame gangs for a third of all juvenile crime in the city.
an alleged crime (=not proved to have happened)
No evidence of the alleged crime was presented.
organized crime (=committed by large organizations of criminals)
the growing threats of terrorism and organized crime
car crime British English (=stealing cars)
the battle against car crime
street crime (=crimes such as robbery committed on the streets)
There will be new measures to tackle street crime.
corporate crime (=involving businesses)
Those responsible for corporate crime often escape punishment.
property crime (=stealing from or damaging property)
theft and other property crime
computer crime (=committed using computers)
It is usually companies that are the victims of computer crime.
war crimes (=serious crimes committed during a war)
a sex crime (=in which someone is sexually attacked)
a hate crime (=committed against someone because of their race, religion etc)
a capital crime American English (=a crime such as murder, for which the criminal can be killed)
a victim of crime
Victims of crime do not always report the offence.
a crackdown on crime (=strong action to fight crime)
The government has promised a crackdown on crime.
the scene of the crime (also the crime scene) (=the place where a crime has happened)
Detectives were already at the scene of the crime.
be tough on crime (=punish crime severely )
Politicians want to appear tough on crime.
be soft on crime (=not punish crime severely enough)
He accused the government of being soft on crime.
a crime wave (=a sudden increase in crime in an area)
Larger cities have been the worst hit by the crime wave.
a crime spree (=when one person commits a lot of crimes in a short time)
He was arrested after a two-day crime spree.
crime prevention
The police can give you advice on crime prevention.
the crime rate
The crime rate has gone up.
crime figures/statistics
The new crime figures are not good.
a crime syndicate American English (=an organization of criminals)
Women found themselves trapped by crime syndicates into prostitution.
a crime writer (=someone who writes stories about crimes, especially murder)

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

crime
noun
1.
BAD: We need to understand why people do these crimes.
GOOD: We need to understand why people commit these crimes.
BAD: Somehow we must stop people from making these crimes.
GOOD: Somehow we must stop people from committing these crimes.

Usage Note:
commit a crime (NOT do , make , perform ): 'Women commit far fewer crimes than men.'

2.
BAD: All the prisoners had committed heavy crimes.
GOOD: All the prisoners had committed serious crimes.

Usage Note:
a serious crime (NOT heavy ): 'The public are alarmed by the increase in serious crimes.'

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Common Errors


TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 14.0
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TahlilGaran : دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی crime) | علیرضا معتمد , دیکشنری تحلیلگران , وب اپلیکیشن , تحلیلگران , دیکشنری , آنلاین , آیفون , IOS , آموزش مجازی 4.52 : 2207
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