make ●●●●●
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Oxford 3000 vocabularySPEAKING vocabularyWRITING vocabularyCOMMON ERRORSIDIOM

make /meɪk/ verb (past tense and past participle made /meɪd/)
make noun

Irregular Forms: (made)

ساختن اماده کردن ، تهیه کردن طرح کردن ، قرار دادن ، باعث شدن وادار یا مجبور کردن ، پیمودن ، رسیدن به ساخت ، ترکیب ، ساختن ، بوجود اوردن ، درست کردن ، تصنیف کردن ، خلق کردن ، باعث شدن ، وادار یامجبور کردن ، تاسیس کردن ، گاییدن ، ساختمان ، ساخت ، سرشت ، نظیر ، شبیه ، علوم مهندسی: حالت ، قانون ـ فقه: حالت

: make (to)

ساختن ، معماری: درست کردن
- create, assemble, build, construct, fashion, form, manufacture, produce, put together, synthesize
- produce, accomplish, bring about, cause, create, effect, generate, give rise to, lead to
- force, cause, compel, constrain, drive, impel, induce, oblige, prevail upon, require
- amount to, add up to, compose, constitute, form
- perform, carry out, do, effect, execute
- earn, clear, gain, get, net, obtain, win
- make it: succeed, arrive (informal), crack it (informal), get on, prosper
- brand, kind, model, sort, style, type, variety
Related Words: initiate, originate, start, brew, harvest, reap, break (for)
English Thesaurus: brand, make, model, cook, prepare, ...

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

I. make1 S1 W1 /meɪk/ verb (past tense and past participle made /meɪd/)
[Word Family: noun: make, remake, maker, making; verb: make, remake; adjective: unmade]
[Language: Old English; Origin: macian]

1. PRODUCE [transitive] to produce something, for example by putting the different parts of it together:
I’m going to show you how to make a box for your tools.
A family of mice had made their nest in the roof.
She made her own wedding dress.
The company has been making quality furniture for over 200 years.
They met while they were making a film.
Make a list of all the things you need.
make somebody something
He made her a toy horse, using just some straw and bamboo twigs.
be made from something
Paper is made from wood.
be made (out) of something
a shirt made of silk
make something from/out of something
She’s very good at making things from old scraps of material.
Japanese-made/English-made etc (=produced in Japan etc)make the bed at bed1(1)
Use made from especially when the materials used to make something have been completely changed and cannot be recognized:
a wine made from Chilean grapes
Use made of when the materials have not been completely changed and can still be recognized:
The wheels were made of wood.
Do not use 'made by' when talking about the materials used to make something.

2. DO [transitive] used with some nouns to say that someone does something:
Anyone can make a mistake.
I can’t make a decision just yet.
I need to make a quick phone call.
You could have made more effort to talk to him.
He made no attempt to apologize.
Could I make a suggestion?
There are a few points I’d like to make.
The police were called but no arrests were made.
I suppose we should make a start on cleaning this room.
Stop making such a fuss!

3. COOK [transitive] to cook or prepare food or drink:
When was the last time you made a cake?
John was making breakfast in the kitchen.
Who’s going to make the tea?
make somebody something
I’ll make you some sandwiches.

4. CAUSE [transitive] to cause something to happen, or cause a particular state or condition:
Its beautiful beaches make this a highly popular area with tourists.
It was this movie which made him a star.
His attitude made him very unpopular with colleagues.
The photo makes her look much older than she really is.
make somebody/something do something
I like him because he makes me laugh.
make something difficult/easy/possible etc
The use of computers has made it possible for more people to work from home.
make something the best/worst/most expensive etc
Over 80,000 people attended, making it the biggest sporting event in the area.
The President has made it clear that he is not going to change his mind.

In written English, people often use cause somebody to do something rather than make somebody do something, as it sounds more formal:
His attitude caused him to be unpopular with colleagues.

5. FORCE [transitive] to force someone to do something
make somebody do something
My parents always make me do my homework before I go out.
be made to do something
I was made to wait four hours before I was examined by a doctor.

6. MARK/HOLE ETC [transitive] to cause a mark, hole etc to appear
make a hole/dent/mark etc
Make a hole in the paper.
The cup has made a mark on the table.

7. make it
a) to succeed in getting somewhere in time for something or when this is difficult:
If we run, we should make it.
make it to
With blood pouring from his leg, he made it to a nearby house.
b) to be successful at something, for example in your job:
He came to the US and not only made it but made it big (=was extremely successful).
So far, relatively few women have made it to the top in the business world.
make it as
He was told he had no talent and would never make it as a professional singer.
make it to
England look less likely to make it to the finals.
make it to manager/director etc
How did anyone so stupid make it to manager?
c) spoken to be able to go to an event, meeting etc that has been arranged:
I’m really sorry, but I won’t be able to make it on Sunday after all.
Nice to see you. I’m glad you could make it.
d) informal to continue to live after you have been seriously ill or badly injured:
Frank was very ill, and the doctors didn’t think he’d make it.
e) to manage to deal with a difficult experience
make it through
I couldn’t have made it through those times without the support of my boyfriend.
f) used to say or ask what time it is according to your own or someone else’s watch:
What time do you make it?
I make it ten past three.

8. make the meeting/the party/Tuesday etc spoken to be able to go to something that has been arranged for a particular date or time:
I’m sorry, I can’t make Friday after all.
Will you be able to make the next meeting?

9. ACHIEVE SOMETHING [transitive] to succeed in achieving a particular position, rate etc:
He was never good enough to make the team.
I don’t think we’ll make the deadline.

10. GET MONEY [transitive] to earn or get money:
The plan could cost you more than you would make.
They made a profit of £140 million.
His one aim in life was to make money.
She hopes to make a living (=earn the money she needs to live) from writing children’s books.
He’s made a fortune (=earned a lot of money) selling computers on the Internet.
make something out of something
How easy is it to make money out of gardening?

11. HAVE A QUALITY [linking verb] to have the qualities that are necessary for a particular job, use, or purpose
make noun
I’m sure you will make a very good teacher.
The hall would make an ideal venue for a wedding reception.
An old cardboard box makes a comfortable bed for a kitten.

12. make it/that something spoken used to correct what you have just said:
Can we have two cups of coffee, please? No, make that three.

13. make do to manage with the things that you have, even though this is not really enough:
I hardly had any food in the house so I just had to make do.
make do with/without
I usually make do with a cup of coffee for breakfast.
For many people, make do and mend (=when someone manages with the things they have and does not buy anything new) was a harsh reality.

14. make yourself heard/understood/known etc to succeed in getting someone to hear you, understand you, or know that you are there:
I had to shout to make myself heard above the music.

15. BE A TOTAL [linking verb] to be a particular amount when added together:
Two and two make four.
There are nine people coming, plus me, which makes ten.

16. CALCULATE [transitive] used to say what you have calculated a number to be:
I make that $150 altogether.

17. SPORTS SCORE [transitive] to achieve a particular score in a sports game:
Surrey had made 92 by lunchtime.

18. make somebody captain/leader etc to give someone a new job or position in a group, organization etc:
She’s now been made a full partner.
He was made mayor in 1998.

19. make believe to pretend or imagine that something is true when it is not:
I tried to make believe she was happy, but knew deep down it wasn’t true.make-believe

20. make like informal to behave as if something is true when it is not:
He makes like he never met me before.

21. make as if to do something literary to seem as if you are going to do something but then not do it:
She made as if to speak but then stopped.

22. ARRIVE [transitive] old-fashioned to arrive at or get to a particular place, especially when it is difficult:
I don’t think we’re going to make the town before nightfall.

23. make the papers/headlines/front page etc to be interesting or important enough to be printed in a newspaper, reported on television etc:
News of their divorce made the headlines.

24. make or break to cause something or someone either to be very successful or to fail completely:
Critics can make or break a young performer.make-or-break

25. that makes two of us spoken used to say that you agree with someone or that something that is true of them is true of you too:
‘I haven’t a clue what’s going on.’ ‘That makes two of us.’

26. MAKE SOMETHING PERFECT [transitive] informal to make something complete or successful:
The hat makes the outfit.

27. make it with somebody old-fashioned informal to have sex with someone
made, ⇒ make sb’s day at day(19), ⇒ make friends at friend(3), ⇒ make good at good1(35), ⇒ make sense at sense1(5)

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

II. make2 noun
[Word Family: noun: make, remake, maker, making; verb: make, remake; adjective: unmade]

1. [countable] the name of a particular product or of the company that makes it:
What make is your car?
make of
It’s one of the most popular makes of satellite phone on the market.

2. be on the make informal to be trying to get money or power – used in order to show disapproval:
He was just a salesman on the make.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

BAD: I didn't make anything in particular. I just stayed at home.
GOOD: I didn't do anything in particular. I just stayed at home.
BAD: In Italy we have made a great deal to prevent pollution.
GOOD: In Italy we have done a great deal to prevent pollution.
BAD: He looked as if he had made something wrong.
GOOD: He looked as if he had done something wrong.

Usage Note:
For actions, the usual verb is do (NOT make ): 'Governments are not doing enough to reduce unemployment.' 'I'm so worried I don't know what to do.'
Many phrases begin with a very common very such as do, make, have, or take : ‘I felt very nervous about taking the test but, after having a long talk with Mrs Fisher, I decided I would just do my best and try not to make too many silly mistakes .’ These verbs can be combined with some nouns but not with others and since they do not have a clear meaning of their own, choosing the right combination can be a problem. Phrases which tend to cause difficulty are shown below.
have a bath (or esp. AmE take ) ‘She’s probably upstairs having a bath.’
Have (your) breakfast ‘We usually have breakfast in the kitchen.’
Have (your) dinner ‘We had dinner and then went for a walk.’
Have a drink ‘I’ll collapse if I don’t have a drink soon.’
Have (an) experience ‘He has no experience of running a large company.’
Have fun ‘You can’t stop people from having fun.’
Have a holiday ‘It’s almost a year since we had a real holiday.’
Have an interview ‘I’ve had six interviews but no one has offered me a job.’
Have a lesson ‘Every morning we have three fifty-minute lessons.’
Have (your) lunch ‘Isn’t it about time we had lunch?’
Have an operation ‘Before I had the operation I could hardly walk.’
Have a party ‘On Saturday we’re having a party.’
Have a picnic ‘If it’s sunny we could have a picnic.’
Have a shower (or esp. AmE take) ‘It only takes me a minute to have a shower.’
Take/do an examination ‘Why do we have to take so many tests?’
Take (your) medicine ‘Don’t forget to take your medicine.’
Take a pill ‘He refuses to take sleeping pills.’
Take/do a test ‘The last test I took was a disaster.’
Make an effort ‘I had to make a big effort not to laugh.’
Make a journey ‘It was the first journey he’d made all on his own.’
Make a mistake ‘He has made a serious mistake.’
Make a noise ‘How can one small child make so much noise?’
Make progress ‘I made very little progress at the start of the course.’
Do your best ‘Don’t worry, Tim. Just do your best.’
Do (or cause) damage ‘The storm did a lot of damage to the crops.’
Do an exercise ‘Have you done your exercises today?’
Do an experiment ‘To do this experiment, you’ll need two eggs.’
Do (sb) good ‘The holiday has done him a lot of good.’
Do harm ‘A scandal would do his reputation a lot of harm.’
Do your homework ‘Have you done your homework yet?’
Do a job ‘I’ve got one or two jobs to do this evening.’
Do the/some shopping ‘Jake has gone into town to do some shopping.’
Do research ‘We need to do a lot more research.’
Do things ‘We’ve done lots of different things today.’
Do your training ‘Where did you do your training?’
Note also: do something/anything etc: ‘I can’t come now – I’m doing something.’ ‘He hasn’t done anything wrong.'

BAD: I made lots of fun in London.
GOOD: I had lots of fun in London.
BAD: On Saturday we're making a party.
GOOD: On Saturday we're having a party.

Usage Note:
See language note above

BAD: The cold water made me shivering.
GOOD: The cold water made me shiver.
BAD: What made you to decide to work in the theatre?
GOOD: What made you decide to work in the theatre?

Usage Note:
make sb/sth do sth ( WITHOUT to) : 'They made him take the examination again.'
Compare be made to do sth : 'He was made to take the examination again.'

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Common Errors

make (it/an event)
attend an event
I was feeling sick so I was not able to make the monthly meeting of our club.

[TahlilGaran] English Idioms Dictionary

See: all work and no play makes jack a dull boy , have it made , many hands make light work , on the make

[TahlilGaran] English Idioms Dictionary

TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 14.0
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