refinement ●●●○○
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ACADEMIC vocabulary


refinement /rɪˈfaɪnmənt/ noun

تهذیب ، تزکیه ، پالودگی ، پالایش
- sophistication, breeding, civility, courtesy, cultivation, culture, discrimination, gentility, good breeding, polish, taste
- subtlety, fine point, nicety, nuance
- purification, clarification, cleansing, distillation, filtering, processing
Antonyms: vulgarity
Related Words: finish, suavity, urbanity, civility, courtesy, politeness, dignity, elegance, grace

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

refinement AC /rɪˈfaɪnmənt/ noun
[Word Family: noun: refinement, refinery; verb: refine; adjective: refinedunrefined]

1. [countable] an improvement, usually a small one, to something:
The new model has a number of refinements.

2. [countable] something which is an improved version of an existing product, system etc
refinement of
The new theory is a refinement of Corbin’s theory of personality development.

3. [uncountable] the process of improving something:
Some further refinement is needed.

4. [uncountable] the process of making a substance more pure:
sugar refinement
refinement of
the refinement of cocaine

5. [uncountable] the quality of being polite and well-educated, in a way that is typical of someone from a high social class:
a woman of great refinement

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

I. improvement to/on sth; process of improving sth
ADJ. considerable, great A greater refinement of the categorization is possible.
extra, further | continuous, endless All programs have bugs and need endless refinement.
useful It is possible to add a few useful refinements to the basic system.
technical | modern
QUANT. degree
VERB + REFINEMENT need, require The technology requires a great deal of refinement.
add, introduce
PREP. ~ in a refinement in the masonry
~ on a refinement on previous methods
~ to to add a further refinement to the computer system

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

II. being polite/well educated; clever in design
ADJ. great a woman of great refinement and beauty
VERB + REFINEMENT lack The kite was star shaped and lacked the refinement of current designs.
PREP. ~ in a lack of refinement in engine design
PHRASES a lack of refinement

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 13.0
All rights reserved, Copyright © ALi R. Motamed 2001-2019.

TahlilGaran : دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی refinement) | علیرضا معتمد , دیکشنری تحلیلگران , وب اپلیکیشن , تحلیلگران , دیکشنری , آنلاین , آیفون , IOS , آموزش مجازی 4.53 : 2113
4.53دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی refinement)
دیکشنری تحلیلگران (وب اپلیکیشن، ویژه کاربران آیفون، IOS) | دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی refinement) | موسس و مدیر مسئول :