short ●●●●●
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Oxford 3000 vocabulary

SPEAKING vocabulary

WRITING vocabulary

COLLOCATION

Short, Clare /kleəʳ/
short /ʃɔːt $ ʃɔːrt/ adjective (comparative shorter, superlative shortest)
short noun


توپ بی هدف ، مدار قطع شده ، اتصال مدار ، تک تیر ، کسری داشتن ، کوتاه خوردن گلوله ، مختصر ، قاصر ، کوچک ، باقی دار ، کسردار ، کمتر ، غیر کافی ، خلاصه ، شلوار کوتاه ، تنکه ، یکمرتبه ، بی مقدمه ، پیش از وقت ، ندرتا ، کوتاه کردن ، (برق) اتصالی پیدا کردن ، بازرگانی: کوتاه مدت ، ورزش: نزدیک تور ، علوم نظامی: کوتاه ، پایین تر

: short (artill,gun)

علوم دریایی: کوتاه

: something short

نوشابه تند ، عرق
کامپیوتر: کوتاه

[TahlilGaran] Persian Dictionary

short
[adjective]
Synonyms:
- concise, brief, compressed, laconic, pithy, succinct, summary, terse
- small, diminutive, dumpy, little, petite, squat
- brief, fleeting, momentary
- often with of: lacking, deficient, limited, low (on), scant, scarce, wanting
- abrupt, brusque, curt, discourteous, impolite, sharp, terse, uncivil
[adverb]
Synonyms:
- abruptly, suddenly, without warning
Antonyms: long, tall, expansive, lengthy, long-drawn-out
Contrasted words: extensive, lengthy, drawn-out, overlong, extended, prolonged, protracted, gangling, gangly, lanky, rangy, elevated, high, lofty, spiring, towering, abounding, overflowing, teeming, abundant, ample, copious, plenteous, plentiful, considerate, gracious, kindly, bland, smooth, ceremonious, soggy, tough, spun-out, hesitantly, gradually, slowly
Related Idioms: to the point
Related Words: abbreviate, abbreviated, abridged, curtailed, decreased, diminished, lessened, shortened, curtate, decurtate, chunky, dumpy, squat, squatty, stubby, thick, thickset, lacking, needing, exiguous, meager, sparse, bluff, blunt, brusque, crusty, curt, short-spoken, gruff, irascible, delicate, fragile, compact, pointed
English Thesaurus: film, motion picture, blockbuster, flick, documentary, ...

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

Short, Clare /kleəʳ/
(1946–) a British politician in the Labour Party, who became the Secretary of State (=chief minister) for International Development in 1997. She is thought of as someone who has strong socialist beliefs and who is more willing than most politicians to say exactly what she thinks. Because of this, many people admire her, but she has often been criticized by leaders of her own party. She decided to leave the government in 2003, saying that the Prime Minister had broken his promise to her about going to war with Iraq.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

I. short1 S1 W1 /ʃɔːt $ ʃɔːrt/ adjective (comparative shorter, superlative shortest)
[Word Family: noun: short, shortage, shortness, shorts, shorty; verb: shorten, short; adverb: short, shortly; adjective: short]
[Language: Old English; Origin: scort]

1. TIME happening or continuing for only a little time or for less time than usual Antonym : long:
a short meeting
Morris gave a short laugh.
a short course on business English
Winter is coming and the days are getting shorter.
I’ve only been in Brisbane a short time.
For a short while (=a short time), the city functioned as the region’s capital.
I learned a lot during my short period as a junior reporter.
Germany achieved spectacular economic success in a relatively short period of time.
They met and married within a short space of time.
I promise to keep the meeting short and sweet (=short in a way that is good, especially not talking for a long time).
For a few short weeks (=they seemed to pass very quickly), the sun shone and the fields turned gold.

2. LENGTH/DISTANCE measuring a small amount in length or distance Antonym : long:
a short skirt
Anita had her hair cut short.
They went by the shortest route, across the fields.
Carol’s office was only a short distance away, and she decided that she would walk there.
a short walk/flight/drive
It’s a short drive to the airport.
The hotel is only a short walk from the beach.

3. NOT TALL someone who is short is not as tall as most people Antonym : tall:
a short plump woman
Chris was short and stocky, with broad shoulders.
He’s a bit shorter than me.

4. BOOK/LETTER a book, letter etc that is short does not have many words or pages Antonym : long:
a short novel
I wrote a short note to explain.short story

5. NOT ENOUGH
a) if you are short of something, you do not have enough of it
be short (of something)
Can you lend me a couple of dollars? I’m a little short.
be short of money/cash/funds
Our libraries are short of funds.
be 5p/$10 etc short
Have you all paid me? I’m about £9 short.
I’m a bit short British English spoken (=I haven’t got much money at the moment)
somebody is not short of something British English (=they have a lot of it)
Your little girl’s not short of confidence, is she?
They’re not short of a few bob (=they are rich).
b) if something is short, there is not enough of it:
Money was short in those days.
It’s going to be difficult – time is short.
Gasoline was in short supply (=not enough of it was available) after the war.

6. be short on something to have less of something than you should have:
He’s a nice guy, but a little short on brains.
The president’s speech was long on colorful phrases but short on solutions.

7. LESS THAN a little less than a number
short of
Her time was only two seconds short of the world record.
just/a little short of something
She was just short of six feet tall.

8. short notice if something is short notice, you are told about it only a short time before it happens:
I can’t make it Friday. It’s very short notice.
at short notice British English on short notice American English:
The party was arranged at short notice.

9. in the short term/run during the period of time that is not very far into the future ⇒ short-term:
These measures may save money in the short term, but we’ll end up spending more later.

10. have a short memory if someone has a short memory, they soon forget something that has happened:
Voters have very short memories.

11. be short for something to be a shorter way of saying a name:
Her name is Alex, short for Alexandra.

12. be short of breath to be unable to breathe easily, especially because you are unhealthy:
He couldn’t walk far without getting short of breath.

13. be short with somebody to speak to someone using very few words, in a way that seems rude or unfriendly:
Sorry I was short with you on the phone this morning.

14. have a short temper/fuse to get angry very easily:
Mr Yanto, who had a very short fuse, told her to get out.

15. get/be given short shrift if you or your idea, suggestion etc is given short shrift, you are told immediately that you are wrong and are not given any attention or sympathy:
McLaren got short shrift from all the record companies when he first presented his new band to them in 1976.

16. be nothing/little short of something used to emphasize that something is very good, very surprising etc:
Her recovery seemed nothing short of a miracle.
The results are little short of astonishing.

17. draw/get the short straw to be given something difficult or unpleasant to do, especially when other people have been given something better:
Giles drew the short straw, and has to give us a talk this morning.

18. make short work of (doing) something to finish something quickly and easily, especially food or a job:
The kids made short work of the sandwiches.
Computers can make short work of complex calculations.

19. have/get somebody by the short and curlies (also have/get somebody by the short hairs) British English informal not polite to put someone in a situation in which they are forced to do or accept what you want:
I signed the contract – they’ve got me by the short and curlies.

20. be one ... short of a ... spoken used humorously to say that someone is a little crazy or stupid:
Lady, are you a few aces short of a deck?
He’s one sandwich short of a picnic.

21. short time British English when workers work for fewer hours than usual, because the company cannot afford to pay them their full wage:
Most of the workers were put on short time.

22. in short order formal in a short time and without delay

23. give somebody short measure British English old-fashioned to give someone less than the correct amount of something, especially in a shop

24. SOUND technical a short vowel is pronounced quickly without being emphasized, for example the sound of a in ‘cat’, e in ‘bet’, and i in ‘bit’ Antonym : long
—shortness noun [uncountable]:
He was suffering from shortness of breath.
Shirley was very conscious of her shortness and always wore high heels.
life’s too short at life(27)

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

II. short2 adverb
[Word Family: noun: short, shortage, shortness, shorts, shorty; verb: shorten, short; adverb: short, shortly; adjective: short]

1. fall short of something to be less than what you need, expected, or hoped for, or to fail to reach a satisfactory standard:
The Republicans increased their share of the vote, but still fell short of a majority.
Shares in the company dropped 26p yesterday, as profits fell short of City expectations.
fall short of a goal/target/ideal
The economy fell short of the Treasury’s target of 2% growth.
fall far/a long way/well short of something
Facilities in these schools fall far short of the standards required.
One or two songs on the album are interesting, but most fall short of the mark (=are not good enough).

2. be running short (of/on something) if you are running short of something, or if something is running short, it is being used up and there will soon not be enough left:
We’re running short of coffee again.
Our supplies of petrol were running short.
Come on, time’s running short!

3. stop short of doing something to almost do something but then decide not to do it:
They accused the president of incompetence, but stopped short of calling for his resignation.

4. stop short to suddenly stop speaking or stop what you are doing, because something has surprised you or you have just thought of something:
Seeing her tears, he stopped short.

5. be cut short if something is cut short, it is stopped before you expect or before it is finished:
His career was tragically cut short when, at the age of 42, he died of a heart attack.

6. cut somebody short to interrupt and stop someone when they are speaking:
I was halfway through my explanation when Walter cut me short.

7. pull/bring somebody up short to surprise or shock someone so that they stop what they are doing or saying to think for a moment:
The question brought her up short, but, after a moment’s hesitation, she answered it.

8. 3 metres/5 miles etc short of something without reaching a place you are trying to get to, because you are still a particular distance from it:
The plane touched down 200 metres short of the runway.

9. two weeks/a month etc short of something two weeks, a month etc before something:
He died two days short of his fifty-sixth birthday.

10. short of (doing) something without actually doing something:
Short of locking her in her room, he couldn’t really stop her from seeing Jack.

11. come up short to fail to win or achieve something:
We’ve been to the state tournament four times, but we’ve come up short every time.

12. go short (of something) British English to have less of something than you need:
She made sure that her children never went short.

13. be taken short/be caught short British English informal to have a sudden strong need to go to the toilet when you are not near one

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

III. short3 noun
[Word Family: noun: short, shortage, shortness, shorts, shorty; verb: shorten, short; adverb: short, shortly; adjective: short]

1. shorts [plural]
a) short trousers ending at or above the knees:
a pair of shorts
tourists in shorts and T-shirtsBermuda shorts, cycling shorts
b) especially American English men’s underwear with short legs:
Craig was standing in the kitchen in his shorts.boxer shorts, Jockey shorts

2. in short used when you want to give the main point of something:
Carter hoped for greater trust between the two nations, more trade, more cultural exchanges – in short, a genuine peace.

3. for short used as a shorter way of saying a name:
His name’s Maximilian, but we just call him Max for short.

4. [countable] informal a short film shown in the cinema

5. [countable] British English informal a strong alcoholic drink that is not beer or wine, drunk in a small glass Synonym : shot American English:
Do you fancy a short?

6. [countable] informal a short circuit:
a short in the system
the long and the short of it at long1(10)

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

IV. short4 (also short out) verb [intransitive and transitive]
[Word Family: noun: short, shortage, shortness, shorts, shorty; verb: shorten, short; adverb: short, shortly; adjective: short]
to short-circuit, or make something do this:
The toaster shorted and caused a fire.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

short
adj.
I. not measuring much from one end to the other
VERBS be, look, seem
ADV. extremely, really, very | comparatively, fairly, quite, rather, relatively a relatively short distance of 50 to 100 miles

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

short
II. not lasting a long time
VERBS be, feel, seem | become, get The working week is getting shorter and shorter.
make sth | keep sth Do you mind if we keep the meeting short?
ADV. extremely, very | comparatively, fairly, quite, relatively It was all over in a relatively short space of time.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

short
III. not having enough of what is needed
VERBS be, look Our team was one player short.
become, get We're getting short of funds.
ADV. extremely, really, terribly, very, woefully If space is really short, that door can be moved. United looked woefully short of menace in attack.
a bit, quite, rather
PREP. of Mike was a bit short of cash just then.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

short
IV. rude
VERBS be
ADV. a bit, rather
PREP. with Sorry I was a bit short with you earlier.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary


TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 13.0
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