act ●●●●●
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WRITING vocabulary

COMMON ERRORS

COLLOCATION

ACRONYM

ACT, the /ˌeɪ siː ˈtiː/
act /ækt/ noun
act verb


قرارداد
(n.) کنش ، فعل ، کردار ، حقیقت ، امرمسلم ، فرمان قانون ، تصویب نامه ، اعلامیه ، (حق). سند ، پیمان ، رساله ، سرگذشت ، پرده ءنمایش (مثل پرده ء اول)
(vt.& vi.) کنش کردن ، کارکردن ، عمل کردن ، جان دادن ، روح دادن ، برانگیختن ، رفتارکردن ، اثرکردن ، بازی کردن ، نمایش دادن ، قانون ـ فقه: قانون ، روانشناسی: عمل ، علوم نظامی: قانون
کامپیوتر: فایلهای حاوی جدول رنگ در فتوشاپ

[TahlilGaran] Persian Dictionary

act
[noun]
Synonyms:
- deed, accomplishment, achievement, action, exploit, feat, performance, undertaking
- law, bill, decree, edict, enactment, measure, ordinance, resolution, statute
- performance, routine, show, sketch, turn
- pretence, affectation, attitude, front, performance, pose, posture, show
[verb]
Synonyms:
- do, carry out, enact, execute, function, operate, perform, take effect, work
- perform, act out, impersonate, mimic, play, play or take the part of, portray, represent
Related Idioms: act a part, put on an act (of), do duty (as), discharge the office (of), serve in the office (or capacity) of, take effect
Related Words: characterize, portray, represent, masquerade, counterfeit, feign, sham, simulate, perform, exploit, feat
English Thesaurus: action, act, act of violence/kindness/defiance etc, activities, behaviour, ...

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

ACT, the /ˌeɪ siː ˈtiː/

1. (the American Conservatory Theater) a repertory theatre (=theatre whose actors perform different plays on different days) in San Francisco, which is also a respected school for training actors

2. (the Australian Capital Territory) the CAPITAL TERRITORY of Australia. It contains the CAPITAL CITY Canberra and is an inland area surrounded by New South Wales.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

I. act1 S1 W1 /ækt/ noun
[Word Family: noun: act, actioninaction, activityinactivity, reaction, interaction, overacting; adjective: acting, activeinactive; verb: actoveract; adverb: actively]
[Date: 1300-1400; Language: Latin; Origin: actus 'doing, act' and actum 'thing done, record', from the past participle of agere 'to drive, do']

1. ACTION [countable] one thing that you do:
The new president’s first act should be to end the war.
a thoughtless act
act of (doing) something
an act of violence
her many acts of kindness
The act of writing a list can help to calm you down.
in the act of doing something (=at the moment that you are doing something)
Lindsay paused in the act of putting down the phone.

REGISTER
In everyday English, people usually say a thoughtless/kind/stupid etc thing to do rather than a thoughtless/kind/stupid etc act.

2. LAW (also Act) [countable] a law that has been officially accepted by Parliament or Congress:
the Housing and Community Development Act of 1977
an act of Parliament

3. PRETENDING [singular] insincere behaviour in which you pretend to have a particular kind of feeling or to be a particular kind of person:
Mike played the loving husband in front of the children but it was all an act.
Be natural. Don’t feel you have to put on an act.

4. get your act together informal to become more organized and behave in a more effective way, especially in order to achieve something:
You need to get your act together if you’re going to find the right house to buy.

5. PLAY [countable] one of the main parts into which a stage play, opera etc is divided:
I arrived at the theatre late and missed the first act.
the beginning of Act 3

6. PERFORMANCE [countable] a short performance on stage or television by someone who plays music or tells jokes:
The argument was just part of their act.

7. PERFORMER [countable] a performer or a group of performers who perform together:
The band is one of many acts that have been booked for the concert.

8. a hard/tough etc act to follow someone who does such an excellent job that it would be difficult for someone doing the same job after them to be as good:
He has been a very successful captain and will be a hard act to follow.

9. get in on the act informal to take part in an activity that someone else has started, especially in order to get a share of the advantages for yourself

10. act of God an event that is caused by natural forces, such as a storm, flood, or fire, which you cannot prevent or control

11. act of worship an occasion when people pray together and show their respect for God

12. balancing/juggling act a situation in which you are trying to do several different types of work at the same time

13. do a disappearing/vanishing act to be impossible to find when you are needed
catch somebody in the act at catch1(3), ⇒ clean up your act at clean up(3)

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

II. act2 S2 W1 verb
[Word Family: noun: act, actioninaction, activityinactivity, reaction, interaction, overacting; adjective: acting, activeinactive; verb: actoveract; adverb: actively]

1. DO SOMETHING [intransitive] to do something in a particular way or for a particular reason:
The company acted correctly in sacking him.
The jury decided that Walker had acted in self-defence.
act to do something
The UN must act now to restore democracy.
Politicians will only act when enough people demand that they do something.

REGISTER
In everyday English, people often use expressions like do the right thing or do a brave thing rather than use act with an adverb such as correctly or bravely:
They acted correctly in telling her. ➔ They did the right thing in telling her.
When act is used alone to mean ‘take action’, in everyday English people usually just say do something:
We have to do something now.

2. BEHAVE [intransitive always + adverb/preposition] to behave in a particular way:
They acted unreasonably when they turned down Jill’s application.
He’s been acting strangely ever since his Mom died.
act as if
Pip acted as if he was better than everyone else.
act like
Stop acting like a baby.
act with
She acted with dignity.
act your age (=used to tell someone to behave in a more adult way, suitable for someone of their age)

3. PRETEND [intransitive and transitive] to pretend to have feelings, qualities etc that are different from your true ones:
When he’s angry, he acts the fool.
That guy is acting crazy.
act a part/role
Stella felt unnatural in their company, as if she was acting a part.
act as if/like
Why does he act as if he was stupid?

4. PLAY/FILM [intransitive and transitive] to perform in a play or film:
I first started acting when I was 12 years old.
act a part/role
She is acting the role of Lady Macbeth six evenings a week.
The movie is very well acted.

5. HAVE AN EFFECT [intransitive] to have an effect or use
act as
The padding acts as a cushion if the player falls or is hit by the ball.
act on
Disinfectants act on bacteria in two main ways.

6. act for somebody/act on sb’s behalf to represent someone, especially in a court of law or by doing business for them:
Makin, a solicitor, is acting for the young people in their case against the county council.
I am acting on behalf of the bank.acting1
act as something phrasal verb
to do a particular job for a short time, for example while the usual person is absent:
My brother speaks French – he can act as interpreter.
act on/upon something phrasal verb
to do something because of another person’s advice or order, or because you have received information or had an idea:
She is acting on the advice of her lawyers.
Police say they acted on information received.
act something ↔ out phrasal verb

1. if a group of people act out an event, they show how it happened by pretending to be the people who were involved in it:
The children were acting out the story of the birth of Jesus.

2. to express your feelings about something through your behaviour or actions, especially when you have been feeling angry or nervous:
These teenagers are likely to act out their distress by running away.
act up phrasal verb

1. if children act up, they behave badly:
He’s a tough kid and he acts up a lot.

2. if a machine or part of your body acts up, it does not work properly:
The computer is acting up again.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

act
noun
I. thing that sb does
ADJ. charitable, kind | heroic a heroic act of bravery
aggressive, barbaric, hostile, provocative, terrorist, violent | appalling, despicable, outrageous, terrible | criminal, illegal, unlawful, wrongful | careless, foolish, impulsive | conscious, deliberate, positive, voluntary, wilful | private a private act of revenge
public | creative, dramatic, physical, political, symbolic | homosexual, sex/sexual | balancing, disappearing, juggling, vanishing The UN must perform a difficult balancing act between the two sides in the conflict.
VERB + ACT commit (law), perform charged with committing an act of gross indecency
PREP. in the ~ of (= doing something) | ~ of For Jane, the act of writing was always difficult.
PHRASES an act of faith, love, violence, will, worship, etc., catch sb in the act (of doing sth) He was caught in the act of stealing.
the simple/very act of doing sth The very act of writing out your plan clarifies what you need to do.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

act
II. (also Act) law made by a government
VERB + ACT bring in, introduce, pass The Act was passed by a majority of 175 votes to 143.
amend | repeal The old Act has now been repealed.
breach, contravene The company had breached the 1994 Companies Act.
ACT + VERB become law, come into force The new Children's Act will come into force next year.
contain sth, say sth, state sth The Act contains regulations for banks and building societies.
PREP. under an/the ~ He was charged under the Firearms Act of 1977.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

act
III. entertainment; entertainers
ADJ. class (informal) (used for sb who does sth well) Their new striker looks a class act.
double comedy double act French and Saunders
live their reputation as one of rock's most impressive live acts
main, support The main act will come on at about ten o'clock.
cabaret, circus, comedy, song-and-dance, stage, variety
VERB + ACT do, perform He does a little song-and-dance act.
rehearse, work on

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

act
IV. division of a play
ADJ. opening | final, last | first, second, etc.
PREP. in (the) ~ The king is killed in the opening act.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

act
V. insincere behaviour
VERB + ACT put on Don't take any notice?she's just putting on an act!

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

act
verb
I. do sth/behave
ADV. at once, immediately, promptly, quickly, swiftly The government must act promptly to change this law.
correctly, legally, properly | illegally, improperly, unconstitutionally, unlawfully, wrongly | reasonably, responsibly, sensibly, wisely | dishonestly, dishonourably, unreasonably | oddly, strangely, suspiciously Jenny has been acting rather strangely recently.
bravely | decisively | effectively | in good faith His defence was that he had acted in good faith.
in self defence The jury accepted that he had acted in self defence.
accordingly George knew about the letter and acted accordingly.
PREP. against The government needs to act against the sale of these dangerous toys.
for/on behalf of sb His solicitors are continuing to act for him.
like Stop acting like a spoilt child. hormones in the brain that act like natural painkillers
on Alcohol acts quickly on the brain.
out of I suspected that he was acting out of malice.
PHRASES act in sb's best interests We are all acting in the best interests of the children.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

act
II. perform in play/film
ADV. brilliantly, well | badly

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

act

an act of violence/aggression
Incidents of sexual harassment and acts of violence against women were on the increase.
an act of kindness/love
We were grateful for her act of kindness.
an act of faith (=when you do something that shows you trust someone completely)
The signing of the treaty with Britain was an act of faith.
an act of terrorism (=when someone kills people or bombs a place for political reasons )
It was the worst act of terrorism in US history.
an act of vandalism (=when someone deliberately damages things, especially public property )
These mindless acts of vandalism affect the whole community.
an act of defiance (=when you refuse to obey or respect someone)
As an act of defiance Leigh dropped out of high school a month before graduation.
an act of courage/bravery
The men were awarded the medals for acts of courage.
a criminal/illegal/unlawful act
Starting the fire was a highly irresponsible criminal act.
a violent/aggressive act
We will track down those responsible for this violent act.
terrorist acts
terrorists acts like the Oklahoma City bombing
a cowardly act (=not at all brave)
The United States strongly condemns this cowardly act by murderous extremists.
a heroic act (=very brave)
Ordinary people sometimes find themselves performing heroic acts.
a deliberate/conscious act
Clearly this was a deliberate act of vandalism.
a symbolic act (=something you do to express an idea or feeling)
The Tibetan climber will pass the Olympic flame to his Chinese partner in a symbolic act of friendship.
commit an act formal (=do something wrong or illegal)
Anyone committing an illegal act deserves to be punished.
perform an act (=do something, especially something difficult or useful)
The nurses performed many small acts of kindness.
pass an act
Once Parliament has passed an act, it becomes the law of the land.
introduce an act
In 1961, before the Divorce Law Reform Act was introduced, the divorce rate was only 2.1%.
amend an act (=make small changes)
In 1978 the act was amended to make the earliest mandatory retirement age 70.
repeal an act (=officially end it)
The Act was repealed by the incoming Labour government.
an act becomes law
In the 40 years since the Abortion Act became law there have been repeated attempts to amend or repeal it.
an act comes into force
Since the act came into force, all public buildings must have disabled access.
an act prohibits something
Section 47 of the Act prohibits the making of misleading statements to the police.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

act
I.
verb
BAD: I am interested in the way people act towards each other.
GOOD: I am interested in the way people behave towards each other.
BAD: It is time that human beings learned how to act properly, without killing each other.
GOOD: It is time that human beings learned how to behave properly, without killing each other.

Usage Note:
When you are talking about what someone does on a particular occasion, act and behave are interchangeable: 'Passengers who left the flight in Rhodes said that they had seen two men acting/behaving very suspiciously.'
When you are talking generally about what someone does or what people do, use behave: 'You can't expect all babies to behave the same.' 'From the way he behaves, anyone would think that he doesn't get paid.'

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Common Errors

act
II.
noun
BAD: He refused to accept responsibility for his acts.
GOOD: He refused to accept responsibility for his actions.

Usage Note:
The noun act is usually used when you want to comment on a particular thing that someone has done: 'It was an act of great courage.' 'These cowardly terrorist acts bring death and suffering to the innocent.'
See also ACTION 2 (action)

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Common Errors

act
ækt
See: read the riot act

[TahlilGaran] English Idioms Dictionary

ACT
Active 
Activity 
Actual 
American College Test

[TahlilGaran] Acronyms and Abbreviations Dictionary


TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 13.0
All rights reserved, Copyright © ALi R. Motamed 2001-2019.

TahlilGaran : دیکشنری آنلاین تحلیلگران (معنی act) | علیرضا معتمد , دیکشنری تحلیلگران , وب اپلیکیشن , تحلیلگران , دیکشنری , آنلاین , آیفون , IOS , آموزش مجازی 4.62 : 2112
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