do ●●●●●
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do /duː/ auxiliary verb (past tense did /dɪd/, past participle done /dʌn/, third person singular does /dəz; strong dʌz/)
do verb (past tense did, past participle done, third person singular does)
do noun (plural dos or do’s) [countable]
do /dəʊ $ doʊ/ noun [singular, uncountable]

Irregular Forms: (did)(done)

راه ، روش ، عمل کردن ، انجام دادن ، کفایت کردن ، این کلمه در ابتدای جمله بصورت علامت سوال میاید ، فعل معین ، ورزش: شیوه
- perform, accomplish, achieve, carry out, complete, execute
- be adequate, be sufficient, cut the mustard, pass muster, satisfy, suffice
- get ready, arrange, fix, look after, prepare, see to
- solve, decipher, decode, figure out, puzzle out, resolve, work out
- cause, bring about, create, effect, produce
- event, affair, function, gathering, occasion, party
Related Idioms: do out of, sell one a bill of goods
English Thesaurus: cook, make, prepare, rustle up, fix, ...

[TahlilGaran] English Synonym Dictionary

I. do1 S1 W1 /duː/ auxiliary verb (past tense did /dɪd/, past participle done /dʌn/, third person singular does /dəz; strong dʌz/)
[Language: Old English; Origin: don]

a) used with another verb to form questions or negatives:
Do you like bananas?
I don’t feel like going out tonight.
Ian didn’t answer.
Where do you live?
Doesn’t Rosie look wonderful?
Don’t listen to her!
b) spoken used to form question tags (=short questions that you add to the end of statements):
You know Tony, don’t you?
She didn’t understand, did she?

2. used instead of repeating a verb that has already been used:
‘Will Kay come?’ ‘She may do.’
So now you know as much as I do.
‘You forgot all about it.’ ‘No, I didn’t.’
‘I want to go home.’ ‘So do I.’
I didn’t believe the story and neither did he.

3. used to emphasize the main verb in a sentence:
Do be careful.
You do look nice in that hat.
I do think she’s behaved badly.
‘You should have warned me.’ ‘But I did warn you.’
He owns, or did own (=emphasizing past tense), a yacht.

4. spoken used when politely offering someone something:
Do have another sandwich.

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

II. do2 S1 W1 verb (past tense did, past participle done, third person singular does)
[Word Family: verb: do, outdo, overdo, redo, undo; noun: deedmisdeed, do, doing; adjective: done, overdone, undone]

1. ACTION/ACTIVITY [transitive] to perform an action or activity:
Have you done your homework yet?
You need to do more exercise.
It’s a pleasure doing business with you.
I didn’t know what to do.
All he does is sit in front of the television all day.
do something/nothing/anything etc
We should do something to help him.
It all happened so quickly that I couldn’t do anything about it.
bored teenagers with nothing to do
do the laundry/ironing/dishes etc
It’s your turn to do the dishes.

In written English, people often use the verb act rather than the phrase do something, as it sounds more formal:
The government needs to act to help these people.

2. SUCCEED [intransitive] used to ask or talk about how successful someone is at something
do well/badly
Students are under considerable pressure to do well.
how somebody/something is doing (with/in something)
You should get promoted after about a year, depending on how you’re doing.
How’s he doing in trying to give up smoking?

3. HAVE AN EFFECT [transitive] to have a particular effect on something or someone:
The scandal will do serious damage to his reputation.
This will do nothing for (=will not improve) Jamie’s confidence.
The colour does nothing for her (=does not improve her appearance).
Getting the job has done a lot for (=had a good effect on) her self-esteem.
A week in the countryside will do you good (=make you feel better).
Exercise can do wonders for (=have a very good effect on) body, mind, and spirit.

4. JOB [transitive] to have a particular job:
What do you want to do after you leave school?
What do you do for a living (=as your job)?
She’s very good at what she does.

5. ENOUGH/ACCEPTABLE [intransitive, transitive not in progressive] used to say that something will be enough or be acceptable:
We don’t have a lot of wine for the party, but it should just about do.
I can’t find my black shoes so these will have to do.
A few sandwiches will do me for lunch.
It won’t do (=it is not acceptable) to say that the situation couldn’t have been avoided.

6. what somebody will do for something used to talk about what arrangements someone has made to get something they need:
What will you do for money if you leave your job?
I’m not sure what we’ll do for transport yet.

7. what is somebody/something doing? spoken used to ask why someone or something is in a particular place or doing a particular thing, especially when you are surprised or annoyed by this:
What’s my coat doing on the floor?
What are you doing walking around at this time of night?
What on earth do you think you’re doing?

8. do your/sb’s hair/nails/make-up etc to do something that improves your appearance or someone else’s appearance:
It must take her ages to do her make-up in the mornings.
Who does your hair?

9. SPEND TIME [transitive] informal to spend a period of time doing something:
She did a year backpacking around the world.
Oh yes, I certainly did my time in the army (=spent time in the army).

10. STUDY [transitive not in passive] British English to study a particular subject in a school or university:
I did French for five years.

11. COOK [transitive] to cook a particular type of food:
I was thinking of doing a casserole tonight.

12. do 10 miles/20 kms etc to achieve a particular distance, speed etc:
We did 300 kilometres on the first day.
The car can do 120 mph.

13. PROVIDE A SERVICE [transitive] to provide a particular service or sell a particular product:
They do interior and exterior design.
We don’t do food after two o'clock.

14. PERFORM A PLAY [transitive] to perform a particular play, show etc:
We did ‘Guys and Dolls’ last year.

15. DECORATE [transitive] to paint or decorate a room, house etc:
How are you going to do your living room?

16. BEHAVE [intransitive] to behave in a particular way:
In the evenings students are free to do as they please (=do what they want).
I wish you’d do as you’re told (=do what you are told to do)!

17. somebody doesn’t do nice/funny/sensible etc spoken informal used humorously to say that someone cannot or does not behave in a particular way:
Sensible? I don’t do sensible.

18. COPY BEHAVIOUR [transitive] to copy someone’s behaviour or the way they talk, especially in order to entertain people:
He does a brilliant George Bush (=copies him in a very funny way).

19. do lunch/do a movie etc informal to have lunch, go to see a film etc with someone:
Let’s do lunch next week.

20. DRUGS [transitive] informal to use an illegal drug:
He says he’s never done hard drugs in his life.

21. VISIT [transitive] to visit a particular place, especially as a tourist:
Let’s do the Eiffel Tower today.

22. that’ll do! spoken used to tell a child to stop behaving badly

23. that does it! spoken used to say angrily that you will not accept a situation any more:
Right, that does it! I’m not going to listen to any more of this!

24. that should do it (also that ought to do it) spoken used to say that you will have finished doing something if you just do one more thing:
I’ve just got to prepare the dessert and that should do it.

25. do it informal to have sex – used humorously or when you want to avoid saying the word ‘sex’

26. somebody would do well to do something used to advise someone that they should do something:
Most people would do well to reduce the amount of salt in their diet.

27. PUNISH [transitive] British English spoken to punish or attack someone ⇒ be/get done at done2(8)

28. DECEIVE [transitive] British English informal to deceive or trick someone ⇒ be done at done2(7)

29. what’s doing ...? spoken used to ask what is happening:
What’s doing at your place tonight?

30. do or die used to say that someone is determined to do something very brave or dangerous even if they die attempting it

31. how (are) you doing? spoken used when you meet someone to ask them if they are well, happy etc:
Hi Bob, how you doing?

32. what can I do you for? spoken used humorously to ask someone how you can help them, especially when you are trying to sell them something

33. do well by somebody to treat someone well:
His relations always did pretty well by him.

34. do one spoken informal used to tell someone who is making you feel upset or angry to go away:
Oh, just go and do one!
doing, done2, ⇒ do your bit at bit2(8), ⇒ how do you do at how(11), ⇒ nothing doing at nothing1(14), ⇒ do somebody proud at proud(5), ⇒ do something to death at death(4), ⇒ can-do

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

III. do3 noun (plural dos or do’s) [countable]
[Word Family: verb: do, outdo, overdo, redo, undo; noun: deedmisdeed, do, doing; adjective: done, overdone, undone]

1. informal a party or other social event:
We’re having a do to celebrate his 30th birthday.

2. dos and don’ts (also do’s and don’ts) things that you should and should not do in a particular situation:
The booklet lists the dos and don’ts of caring for dogs.

3. American English informal a hairdo

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English

IV. do4 /dəʊ $ doʊ/ noun [singular, uncountable]
another spelling of doh

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Contemporary English


do a job/task
On Saturdays I usually do a few jobs around the house.
do some/any/ no etc work
She was feeling too tired to do any work.
do the shopping/cleaning/ironing/cooking etc
Who does the cooking in your family?
do the housework (=jobs in your home such as cleaning, washing clothes etc)
I’ve been doing the housework all day.
do the dishes (also do the washing-up British English) (=wash the plates after a meal)
Will anyone help me do the washing-up?
do the laundry (also do the washing British English) (=wash dirty clothes)
Ellie was doing the washing.
do your homework
My parents don’t let me go out unless I’ve done my homework.
do a calculation/sum (=use numbers to find out a figure, price etc)
I did a quick calculation on a piece of paper.
do business (=buy and sell goods, or provide services)
The company does a lot of business in China.
do something/nothing/anything
He lay on the sofa and did nothing all day.
do some/any/no good (=improve a situation)
It might do some good if you talk to him about the problem.
The fresh air has done me good.
do somebody good (=make someone feel better)
not do (somebody) any harm also do (somebody) no harm (=not have a bad effect on something or someone)
One or two chocolate cookies won’t do you any harm.
do damage (to something/somebody)
A mistake like that can do a lot of damage to your career.
do a lot for something (=have a good effect on something)
The new leisure centre has done a lot for the town’s image.
do nothing for something (=not have a good effect on something)
Being apart for so long did nothing for our relationship.
do nothing for somebody (=used to say that particular clothes, colours etc do not suit someone)
I liked the dress but it did nothing for me.
do wonders for something (=have a very good effect on something)
A new haircut can do wonders for your self-confidence.
do more harm than good (=used to say that something had a bad effect rather than a good one)
I followed his advice but it did more harm than good.

[TahlilGaran] Collocations Dictionary

Many phrases begin with a very common very such as do, make, have, or take : ‘I felt very nervous about taking the test but, after having a long talk with Mrs Fisher, I decided I would just do my best and try not to make too many silly mistakes .’ These verbs can be combined with some nouns but not with others and since they do not have a clear meaning of their own, choosing the right combination can be a problem. Phrases which tend to cause difficulty are shown below.
have a bath (or esp. AmE take ) ‘She’s probably upstairs having a bath.’
Have (your) breakfast ‘We usually have breakfast in the kitchen.’
Have (your) dinner ‘We had dinner and then went for a walk.’
Have a drink ‘I’ll collapse if I don’t have a drink soon.’
Have (an) experience ‘He has no experience of running a large company.’
Have fun ‘You can’t stop people from having fun.’
Have a holiday ‘It’s almost a year since we had a real holiday.’
Have an interview ‘I’ve had six interviews but no one has offered me a job.’
Have a lesson ‘Every morning we have three fifty-minute lessons.’
Have (your) lunch ‘Isn’t it about time we had lunch?’
Have an operation ‘Before I had the operation I could hardly walk.’
Have a party ‘On Saturday we’re having a party.’
Have a picnic ‘If it’s sunny we could have a picnic.’
Have a shower (or esp. AmE take) ‘It only takes me a minute to have a shower.’
Take/do an examination ‘Why do we have to take so many tests?’
Take (your) medicine ‘Don’t forget to take your medicine.’
Take a pill ‘He refuses to take sleeping pills.’
Take/do a test ‘The last test I took was a disaster.’
Make an effort ‘I had to make a big effort not to laugh.’
Make a journey ‘It was the first journey he’d made all on his own.’
Make a mistake ‘He has made a serious mistake.’
Make a noise ‘How can one small child make so much noise?’
Make progress ‘I made very little progress at the start of the course.’
Do your best ‘Don’t worry, Tim. Just do your best.’
Do (or cause) damage ‘The storm did a lot of damage to the crops.’
Do an exercise ‘Have you done your exercises today?’
Do an experiment ‘To do this experiment, you’ll need two eggs.’
Do (sb) good ‘The holiday has done him a lot of good.’
Do harm ‘A scandal would do his reputation a lot of harm.’
Do your homework ‘Have you done your homework yet?’
Do a job ‘I’ve got one or two jobs to do this evening.’
Do the/some shopping ‘Jake has gone into town to do some shopping.’
Do research ‘We need to do a lot more research.’
Do things ‘We’ve done lots of different things today.’
Do your training ‘Where did you do your training?’
Note also: do something/anything etc: ‘I can’t come now – I’m doing something.’ ‘He hasn’t done anything wrong.'

See THAT 3 (that)

[TahlilGaran] Dictionary of Common Errors

Data Object 
Director of Operations 
Doctor Of Osteopathy

[TahlilGaran] Acronyms and Abbreviations Dictionary

TahlilGaran Online Dictionary ver 14.0
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